Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease Essay

Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease Essay

Length: 999 words (2.9 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Strong Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease
Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is a chronic digestive disease that happens when stomach acid, or even bile back flows (refluxes) into the food pipe, which is called the esophagus. The flow back of acid irritates the lining of the esophagus and results in signs and symptoms of GERD (Mayo Clinic, 2014).
Signs and Symptoms of GERD includes:
Signs and symptoms of GERD includes but not limited to, heartburn- A burning sensation in your chest which often sometimes radiate to the throat, hoarseness or sore throat, Acid reflux -regurgitation of food or sour liquid, and a lump in the throat sensation (Mayo Clinic, 2014).
Cause of GERD
GERD is caused by frequent acid reflux — the backup of stomach acid or bile into the esophagus. During swallowing the lower esophageal sphincter — a circular band of muscle around the bottom part of the esophagus — relaxes to allow food and liquid to flow down into the stomach. Then it closes again. However, if this valve relaxes abnormally or weakens, stomach acid can flow back up into your esophagus (Mayo Clinic, 2014, para.3).
Risk Factors
Risk factors for GERD includes but not limited to obesity, hiatal hernia, Pregnancy, smoking, diabetes, delayed stomach emptying and connective tissue disorders, such as scleroderma (Mayo Clinic, 2014, para.4).
Complications
Complications of GERD includes but not limited to,
• Narrowing of the esophagus (esophageal stricture)-Damage to cells in the lower esophagus from acid exposure leads to formation of scar tissue. The scar tissue narrows the food pathway, causing difficulty swallowing.
• An open sore in the esophagus (esophageal ulcer)-Stomach acid can severely erode tissues in the esophagus, causing an open sore to form. The...


... middle of paper ...


...tacids that neutralize stomach acid, Medications that protect the lining of your stomach and small intestine ( Mayo Clinic, 2014).

Choose one of the disorders and list five patient education strategies you would use.
This writer would educate the patient with peptic ulcer that
• H. pylori that cause peptic ulcer may be transmitted from person to person by close contact, such as kissing or through food and water.
• Over-the-counter and prescription pain medications can irritate or inflame the lining of your stomach and small intestine.
• Smoke and drinking Alcohol can contribute to developing peptic ulcers.
• Long-term use of proton pump inhibitors may increase the risk of hip, wrist and spine fracture thus a calcium supplement may be beneficial.
• Antacids may provide symptom relief but are not effective in healing peptic ulcer when use alone (Mayo Clinic, 2014).

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease Essay

- Introduction About 40 years ago the inappropriate level of gastric acid was a very major problem.That time very few medical treatments were available for this type of Gastroesophageal reflux disease(GRED).For this type of disease Heartburn was the most common type of symptom and the peptic ulcer was one of the most common type of disease. If it was untreated then it can be life threatening. That time the only cure of the disease to administration of antacid drugs. But it had only temporary effect....   [tags: peptic ulcer, heartburn]

Strong Essays
865 words (2.5 pages)

Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease Essay

- Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease Sensitive Gut (Harvard Special Health Reports) In consultation with Lawrence S. Friedman, M.D. Stanford, CT In this article, you are informed about a disease that is occurring more often in our society. It is commonly referred to as “heartburn” but is more appropriately named acid reflux disease or gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). Most people suffer from this disease, but think nothing of it. Perhaps they have felt it after a big meal, lying down after eating, during pregnancy, or even when bending over....   [tags: essays research papers]

Strong Essays
484 words (1.4 pages)

A Brief Note On R.a ) ( Bogota ) Essay

- Patient, R.A was born in Colombia, (Bogota) on March 30, 1964 she came to Miami, FL 20 year ago, and she lives with her two sons. She was a professional salsa dancer always happy and healthy person traveling around the world, even though in her family history mother and father were Dx with a heart disease many years ago, she has never had any medical problems with her heart. On June 5 ,2005 Pt. R.A was having a dry cough chest pain her sons were worried about it because she had been feeling bad since 3 days ago ,and they wanted to take her to the hospital, but she always replied to them “ as an older person I have more experience about how to cure my flu than you, and I am going to p...   [tags: Asthma, Gastroesophageal reflux disease]

Strong Essays
1286 words (3.7 pages)

Gastroesophageal Reflux is Normal for Infants, Children, and Adults Essay example

- ... It is estimated that 30%-90% of asmatics have GERD. Barrett's oesophagus, which affects fewer than 1% of adults is commonly associated with GERD. (Cash, 2011, pp. 200). Predisposing Factors to GERD include: a) Obesity b) Consuming large meals c) Pregnancy d) Emotional stress e) Immature sphincter in newbornincreased abdominal pressure from tight clothes, staining to lift or defecate or swallowing air f) Ingesting drugs and foods that promote LES relaxation: • Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory agents (NSAIDS) • Benzodiazepines • Calcium channel blockers • Theophylline • Nitrates • Anticholinergics • Alcohol • Chocolate and peppermint h) Smoking: increases stomach acid and LES pressure...   [tags: esophagus, heartburn, symptoms]

Strong Essays
891 words (2.5 pages)

Coronary Artery Disease with a Primary Comorbidity of Type II Diabetes Mellitus

- Rob Geis is a 65-year-old Hispanic male from Cleveland, Ohio. He and his wife were visiting friends in Jacksonville as part of a multi-stop Florida vacation. Rob was brought to the emergency department of St. Vincent Medical Center’s Southside location on the evening of January 27, 2014, by ambulance after he experienced a total loss of consciousness while dining at a restaurant with his wife and a group of friends. Rob has no recollection of the event. His wife reported he stumbled as he was returning from the restroom, but did not fall and was able to make it into his chair at the table....   [tags: Coronary Artery Disease]

Strong Essays
1709 words (4.9 pages)

Essay about Use Of Enbrel ( For Autoimmune Disease )

- Enbrel (for autoimmune disease): Enbrel is similar to Daraprim — the drug Martin Shkreli’s company prices at $750 per pill — in that doctors prescribe it for HIV/AIDS patients. While the drug is $1,117 per month under the UK’s National Health System (NHS), but the average health plan in the US charges between $1,946 and $4,006 per month for the drug. Celebrex (for pain): According to the IFHP, Celebrex is commonly prescribed for pain around the world. The drug costs just $51 in Canada, but between $139 and $431 per month in the US....   [tags: Health economics, Health care, Medicine]

Strong Essays
1313 words (3.8 pages)

Benefits of an Anti-Inflammatory Diet Essay

- Benefits of an Anti-Inflammatory Diet Inflammation has been known to cause numerous serious and debilitating diseases; however, it doesn’t always mean that it is bad. This is the physiological process of the body that triggers a healthy immune system in response to assaults from infection, toxic agents, physical injury or damaged cells. It is also an essential first step towards healing. In some cases, inflammation can become chronic wherein, healing does not transpire and sometimes happen repeatedly that prevent proper healing....   [tags: disease, nutrients, sugar]

Strong Essays
688 words (2 pages)

Gastro-Esophageal Reflux Disease Essay

- Description Gastro-esophageal reflux disease (GERD) can related to the relaxation or incompetence of the lower esophageal sphincter (McCance & Huether, 2010, p. 1523). It was also described by Brunner, Suddarth, & Smeltzer (2008, p. 1165), as the back flow of gastric or duodenal content into the esophagus. It can be a normal physiological process that happens in a healthy child for several times in a day, it becomes a concern when it results to worrisome symptoms or complications. Pathophysiology Inappropriate esophageal sphincter relaxation that occurs in GERD can be as a result of delay in the maturation of the lower esophageal sphincter, and alteration in neurotransmitter or hormonal res...   [tags: relaxation of the lower esophageal sphincter]

Strong Essays
1529 words (4.4 pages)

Diverticular Disease and Gastro Esophageal Reflux Disease Essay example

- ... Most individuals get well by arranging a better diet and the results of this treatment also prevent constipation and the formation of more diverticula. The components of the healthy diet includes fruit, vegetables and grains such as raw apples, peaches, pears, and tangerines, broccoli squash carrots and brussels sprouts, potatoes, baked beans, kidney beans, and lima beans, whole-wheat bread, brown rice, bran flake cereal, and oatmeal (Longstreth). Doctors often advise individuals with diverticulitis to bypass any food that is hard to digest such as: popcorn, corn and seeds, however there is no evidence to coincide with this statement (WebMD)....   [tags: prevention and treatment, good nutrition]

Strong Essays
1218 words (3.5 pages)

Comparison of Aciphex to Prilosec Essay

- Introduction Looking deeper into the world of pharmaceutical advertising, this paper will focus on two gastrointestinal medication advertisements. Both were found in popular magazines targeted at women and are for the treatment of frequent heartburn symptoms. This paper will critique the advertisements individually, then compare and contrast them to each other. Additionally, the pathophysiology of heartburn will be described along with the effects the medications have on them. It of interest to note that the Food and Drug Administration regulate prescription drug advertising while the Federal Trade Commission regulates over-the-counter drug advertising; therefore the requirements for each ty...   [tags: Advertising ]

Strong Essays
1429 words (4.1 pages)