Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is a chronic digestive disease that happens when stomach acid, or even bile back flows (refluxes) into the food pipe, which is called the esophagus. The flow back of acid irritates the lining of the esophagus and results in signs and symptoms of GERD (Mayo Clinic, 2014).
Signs and Symptoms of GERD includes:
Signs and symptoms of GERD includes but not limited to, heartburn- A burning sensation in your chest which often sometimes radiate to the throat, hoarseness or sore throat, Acid reflux -regurgitation of food or sour liquid, and a lump in the throat sensation (Mayo Clinic, 2014).
Cause of GERD
GERD is caused by frequent acid reflux — the backup of stomach acid or bile into the esophagus. During swallowing the lower esophageal sphincter — a circular band of muscle around the bottom part of the esophagus — relaxes to allow food and liquid to flow down into the stomach. Then it closes again. However, if this valve relaxes abnormally or weakens, stomach acid can flow back up into your esophagus (Mayo Clinic, 2014, para.3).
Risk factors for GERD includes but not limited to obesity, hiatal hernia, Pregnancy, smoking, diabetes, delayed stomach emptying and connective tissue disorders, such as scleroderma (Mayo Clinic, 2014, para.4).
Complications of GERD includes but not limited to,
• Narrowing of the esophagus (esophageal stricture)-Damage to cells in the lower esophagus from acid exposure leads to formation of scar tissue. The scar tissue narrows the food pathway, causing difficulty swallowing.
• An open sore in the esophagus (esophageal ulcer)-Stomach acid can severely erode tissues in the esophagus, causing an open sore to form. The...
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...tacids that neutralize stomach acid, Medications that protect the lining of your stomach and small intestine ( Mayo Clinic, 2014).
Choose one of the disorders and list five patient education strategies you would use.
This writer would educate the patient with peptic ulcer that
• H. pylori that cause peptic ulcer may be transmitted from person to person by close contact, such as kissing or through food and water.
• Over-the-counter and prescription pain medications can irritate or inflame the lining of your stomach and small intestine.
• Smoke and drinking Alcohol can contribute to developing peptic ulcers.
• Long-term use of proton pump inhibitors may increase the risk of hip, wrist and spine fracture thus a calcium supplement may be beneficial.
• Antacids may provide symptom relief but are not effective in healing peptic ulcer when use alone (Mayo Clinic, 2014).
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