The Four Dimensions Of Culture Studied By Geert Hofstede Essay

The Four Dimensions Of Culture Studied By Geert Hofstede Essay

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The four dimensions of culture studied by Geert Hofstede consist of power distance, uncertainty avoidance, individualism vs collectivism, and masculinity vs femininity. All elements measure the effects on society, cultural behavior, value, social norms, and beliefs. Each dimension is measured on a scale ranging from 0 to 100, to represent 75 countries and regions.

Power distance
Power distance is the extent to which less powerful members accept that power is distributed unequally. In high power distance countries, the citizens typically submit to their superiors and are reluctant to change. According to Hofstede, countries that rank highest in power distance index mean they in general are willing to accept the fact that inequality in power is considered the norm. ‘Seeing that power is distributed unequally, it tends to suggest that a society’s level of inequality is endorsed by the followers as much as by the leaders. This also signifies that elders take the lead and be regarded as significant role models and wise elders (Abdullah, 2005, p. 105). Countries that compile a high power index score consist of: Mexico, South Korea, China, and India. Meyer (2014) stated that “Most East Asian countries are high-power-distance cultures. A significant reasons for this is the influence of Confucianism. Confucius believed that mankind would harmonize with the universe if everyone understood their role in society and behaved accordingly.” On the other hand, in lower power distance countries communication between workers and their supervisors are often exhibited. For example, the U.S. has a low power distance and employees typically take initiatives not rely solely on management. Other countries that have a low power distance are Austria, ...


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...illion people and the country takes great pride in its thriving business industries that make America a great place to live. Important values American’s take pride in is freedom and individualism. Popular religions in the U.S. consist of Christianity, Catholic, and Protestant. In American society showing respect to authority is greatly valued, specifically when conducting business. The U.S. is govern on hierarchical system that is divided into three branches of government.

Mexico is considered to one of largest countries in the world and home to over $122 million citizens. The most common religion in Mexico is Christianity and Catholic then followed by the Aztec religion. In the Mexican culture citizens highly value respect, especially when greeting someone. Mexico also operates on a hierarchical system where the government, businesses, and society are categorized

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