Features of Spoken Language That Are Significantly Different From Written Language

Features of Spoken Language That Are Significantly Different From Written Language

Length: 2380 words (6.8 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Research Papers

Open Document

Essay Preview

This paper serves as an introductory investigation into the grammar of spoken English. More specifically, this paper will analyze selected features of spoken language which are significantly different from written language or features of spoken language not found in written language. The features analyzed also have a high rate of occurrence in the spoken language. The ultimate goal of this investigation is the development of English Language Teaching materials which will address the features detailed.

What is the hallmark of fluency? Certainly no one is ever judged as fluent without showing competence in the production of acceptably fluent speech. Standard English is not a widely spoken variety; it is mostly written. However, it has become the dominant model for instruction (Rühlemann, 2008, p. 674-5). If the dominant model for instruction is based on a primarily written variety of the language, what service does this do to learners who wish to gain competence in the spoken language?
For example, discourse particles are considered an essential part of language which learners should master. Without them, learners “may come across as unnatural, dogmatic and/or incoherent” (Lam, 2009, p.1-2). Discourse particles, however, exist in the spoken realm, and their instruction in a Standard English curriculum may not be guaranteed.
Conversational grammar is sometimes considered a deviant or substandard form of the written language, as if the spoken word is an offshoot of the written word. Contractions provide us with an excellent counterexample. Contractions are “institutionalized spoken reductions” (Quirk, et al., 1985, p. 123) originating from the spoken language which are now accepted as legitimate...

... middle of paper ...

...kers and Spoken English: Native and Learner Use in Pedagogic Settings, Applied Linguistics 28(3), 410-439.
Huddleston, R. D., Pullum, G. K. (2002). The Cambridge grammar of the English language. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.
Lam, P. (2009). Discourse Particles in Corpus Data and Textbooks: The Case of Well, Applied Linguistics Advance Access published June 18, 2009, 1-22.
Liu, D. (2003). The Most Frequently Used Spoken American English Idioms: A Corpus Analysis and Its Implications, TESOL Quarterly 37(4), 671-700.
Quirk, R. (1985). A Comprehensive grammar of the English language. London: Longman.
Rühlemann, C. (2008). A Register Approach to Teaching Conversation: Farewell to Standard English?, Applied Linguistics, 29(4), 672-693.
Simpson, R., Dushyanthi, M. (2003). A Corpus-Based Study of Idioms in Academic Speech, TESOL Quarterly, 37(3), 419-441.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Essay on Grammar of Spoken and Written English

- Question (i) 1.0 Introduction: With technology, spoken language has become one of the major interests among linguists. Previously, written discourse was the main concern as it was easy to access any data whereas spoken language needed to go through various levels such as recording and transcribing in order to be able to obtain authentic data. Though it may sound easy, sometimes restrictions such as a low quality voice recorder was used or difficulty in transcribing slang would make it difficult for a linguist to go into detail of the spoken discourse....   [tags: Spoken English Grammar]

Research Papers
2520 words (7.2 pages)

The Features of Written Language and Speech

- The Features of Written Language and Speech In English language there are two different ways of actually presenting language. These are written language and speech. These two factors of speech both include many different features between themselves. These features are mostly opposite to each other as they are completely different ways of presenting language. Written language is structured into paragraphs unlike general speech which is hardly thought about before being said and is flowing naturally....   [tags: Papers]

Research Papers
596 words (1.7 pages)

The Birth of the English Language Essay examples

- A summary of the settlement of the British Isles by north Europeans and then Norman French provides the backdrop to this essay which will focus on the period between the early 15th century, when English reasserted its dominance after the decline of official French, until the 17th century when a 'standard' English evolved. It will be shown that modern-day English is very different to that first introduced to the British Isles, but by identifying changes through the centuries, its continuity can be demonstrated....   [tags: Language ]

Research Papers
1082 words (3.1 pages)

Essay on Language as Connectivity in a Group

- Language is a crucial part of how people in a group show their solidarity to each other. Discuss Through the use of language, each member of a group is able to construct and reflect their identity. Through the language features present in slang and jargon, users are able to communicate their social identity and group belonging. They are also able to portray their cultural heritage and background through ethnolect varieties of English. Language plays a crucial part in enabling the speaker to communicate belonging to a specific social group, reinforcing solidarity....   [tags: Language]

Research Papers
1101 words (3.1 pages)

Differences Between Language And Language Development Essay

- Language is used every day in life whether it’s written, through sign language, or spoken, and without the language concept it would be very hard to communicate with one another. Language is a key part in communication, and has been the main topic debated by many theorist and researchers. Over time there have been many theories developed about where language comes from and how it is developed. There have been many questions concerning language development, but the two main question are whether language is a natural born occurrence or if it is learned through reinforcement and teachings....   [tags: Linguistics, Language, Communication]

Research Papers
1020 words (2.9 pages)

Essay on Language Processing

- Language processing is a complex interaction of a wide range of factors and one of the most difficult tasks involved in language processing is to do simultaneous interpreting in a foreign language. This study will describe an experiment in which the writer herself experienced the job of a simultaneous interpreter in order to gain insights into the language processing in L2 and to reflect on the difficulties in L2 processing encountered by the simultaneous interpreter. Background of literature Different models have been developed to explain the complexity of speech processing, of which Levelt’s speaking blueprint (1993) presented below has become ‘the most complete and accepted one for a mono...   [tags: Language ]

Research Papers
1398 words (4 pages)

Essay on Does Texting Have a Negative Influence on Written Language?

- ... Furthermore, in text 1, the conversation starts with a simple "wuu2”/what you up to which suggest that the two teenagers are close friends. “Wuu2” is a mixture of number homophone and compressed language. This shows the variety of abbreviations teenagers use while texting. In text 2, it’s obvious that this conversation is different to teenager’s conversation. This is because the conversation between the two adults is much more formal and uses no slang and abbreviations. In text 2, the adults do not use slang, they do not shorten words and they do not try to reduce words to save money....   [tags: communication, text messages, emoticons]

Research Papers
952 words (2.7 pages)

Essay on Language Is The Basis Of Human Communication

- Language is the basis of human communication. It is a cultural and social interaction, and the way language is used is influenced by the circumstances in which it takes place (Emmitt, 2010, p. 49; Green, 2006, p. 2). Children become aware that there are different types of language, including languages used at home, at childcare and at school, as they observe and participate in various language situations (Fellowes & Oakley, 2014, p. 39). Some of these languages may be unfamiliar, and children will need to learn the different roles and uses of language....   [tags: Sociology, Nonverbal communication, Language]

Research Papers
1988 words (5.7 pages)

The Future Prediction of Human Language Essay

- Introduction Linguistics classifies language as a mechanism that permits free and creative expression of feelings into signs, and the opposite interpretation of such signs back into feelings (Christiansen & Kirby, 2005). According to Becker, 2005, “human language is seen as the last key evolution in the development of life on earth (2)”. His idea is that biological changes in humans are as a result of forces of evolution implying that human language originated from certain sources, and that its characteristics derived from human genes....   [tags: Linguistic, Language Evolution]

Research Papers
983 words (2.8 pages)

Written Language as Being Superior to Speech

- Written Language as Being Superior to Speech English language has two main features; it can be presented in a written form or in the form of speech. Hence, the debate on the topic of which form of language is more significant than the other is becoming greater as time is passing. This is because more and more new technology is being created by the day to help people who are unable to speak or others who are unable to write. And, the use of these proves they can lead a normal life without the feature of English which they are incapable of using....   [tags: Papers]

Free Essays
600 words (1.7 pages)