Essay False Confessions And Coerced Confessions

Essay False Confessions And Coerced Confessions

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There are two types of false confessions, voluntary false confessions and involuntary false confessions. In a voluntary false confession, a person claims to be responsible for a crime they know they did not commit without any coercion or interference. With this type of false confession, mental health comes into play. These people feel a need for attention or punishment that can only be explained psychologically. In some cases of voluntary false confessions, those who wish to protect the true guilty party confess in the hopes of saving that person at the risk of themselves. Voluntary false confessions are arguably not as prominent as coerced false confessions, but both need to be minimized in order to better our justice system.
Involuntary false confessions or coerced confessions are harmful to not only our pursuit of justice, but the innocent individuals who give them and their families. In recent cases of DNA exoneration it was estimated that 20% to 25% of those exonerated had given false confessions. These newly exonerated individuals spent a considerable part of their lives in jail away from their loved ones, while the real perpetrators went unpunished. These types of false confessions need to be stopped because they are doing more harm than good. First we need to look at why this type of false confession is so popular.
Current interrogation methods are contributing to the number of false confessions. Suspects are subjected to isolation, lengthy interrogations, and sometimes sleep deprivation in order to reach a confession. Isolating a suspect has been known to heighten stress and anxiety in order to wear the person down and make them more willing to cooperate with police investigators. As a real example of coercion working t...

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...l illnesses in our system. Nobody should feel as though they have to confess guilt in order to be freed from a stressful situation. We can’t allow our biases to cloud our judgement when dealing with suspects either. A lot of people have and will continue to go to jail simply because they are perceived to be guilty of a crime.
False confessions hurt everyone. Our justice system is supposed to protect the rights of all and punish those who violate those rights. Sending innocent people to jail or worse is not how our justice system is supposed to work. With every false confession we are letting a guilty person slip away unpunished and not allowing the victims to receive the justice that they deserve. Interrogation has helped put guilty people in jail for their crimes but it needs to reformed, to minimize the amount of innocent people joining the guilty being punished.

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