Factors Affecting the Complexity of Criminal Behavior Essay

Factors Affecting the Complexity of Criminal Behavior Essay

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This essay will consider the notion that any person could become a criminal. In considering this, the question ‘what makes a criminal a criminal’ will be discussed. Defining criminal behaviour is itself, difficult as it could be considered a wide range of behaviours from tasting fruit at the market to speeding to swearing at someone in frustration. Further to this discussion is a consideration of the roles that society and individuals have in defining and contributing to people engaging in criminal behaviours. There are a range of theories that attempt to describe human behavior reflecting the complexities of human behaviour. Given the range of theories of behaviour, there is not any one theory that can fully explain criminal behaviour given the complexity of the behaviour. There are also a multiple of factors impacting on people’s behaviour including criminal behaviour. These include family circumstances, their personality, and mental health issues. Some of the theories that this essay will consider consist of social-control theory, classical theory, biological theory, personality theory, impulse theory and cognitive theory.

Theories attempt to explain behaviour including crime behaviour (Hayes, Prenzler, 2009). In each case for a theory to be applied as an explanation of the behaviour must be testable. Further to this it needs to provide a thorough explanation underpinning the criminal behaviour (Hayes, Prenzler, 2009). There are numerous theories available to aid with the explanation of criminal behaviour. These theories can be linked to behavioural patterns like repetition, instigation, desistance and maintenance (Akers, Jensen, 2007).

It is possible to consider the notion that everyone has at some stage committed a...


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Howitt, D. (2009). Introduction to forensic & criminal psychology (3rd Ed). Pearson education limited: England.
Hunter, D., Dantzker, M. (2005). Crime and criminality: causes and consequences, criminal justice press.
Krueger, A., Massey, A. (2009). A rational reconstruction of misbehavior: Social Cognition, New York, 27 (5).
Siegel, J., Welsh, B. (2009). Juvenile delinquency: Theory, practice, and law. Wadsworth Cengage learning, USA.
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