Experimental Methods for Treating Cancer Essay

Experimental Methods for Treating Cancer Essay

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Cancer is the second leading cause of death in America with the first being heart disease. Most people know someone who has cancer, who has died of cancer, or who survived cancer. Cancer treatment is costly, and it isn’t always effective. The most deadly form of cancer is melanoma. Every year 70,000 Americans develop it and 9,000 die from it. Melanoma kills fast, usually leaving patients with only 6 to 9 months to live after being diagnosed. Doctors are synthesizing antibodies to work towards a cure. Antibodies block molecules that hurt the body’s immune system. An antibody called ipilimumab deactivates CTLA-4. The deactivation helps the body’s immune system recognize and destroy tumors. Ipilimumab has recently been approved for regular treatments for patients with late stage melanoma. Ipilimumab combined with chemotherapy helps melanoma patients survive for several more months compared to those that only received chemotherapy. This injection brings hope to patients that thought they would die soon. Prostate cancer is another deadly form of cancer. Studies have shown that men who drink coffee daily are less likely to get prostate cancer, and if they are diagnosed, they are less likely to die from it. The men who drank more cups of coffee have a lesser chance of getting the cancer than the men who drank fewer cups daily. Caffeine was not the secret because the men who drank decaffeinated coffee benefited the same amount as the men who drank caffeinated coffee benefited. The part of coffee that helps so much is unknown. This study by Harvard was over a 20 year span and they looked at the habits of 47,911 men who drank six or more cups of coffee daily.

Another type of cancer is leukemia. Leukemia is blood cancer, usually with a typ...

... middle of paper ...

...remain a mystery. We don’t know exactly what causes most cancers and we are still learning how to treat it. Chemotherapy sometimes works, but a lot of the time it doesn’t. I learned that we need to live healthy, balanced lives.

Works Cited

Coffey, Rebecca. "Coffee Vs. Cancer." Discover Magazine 5 Jan. 2012: n. pag. Print.
Greenwood, Veronique. "Immune Supercells Purge Leukemia." Discover Magazine 5 Jan. 2012: 32-33. Print.
Rice, Jocelyn. "New Treatments Slow Deadly Skin Cancer." Discover Magazine 5 Jan. 2012: n. pag. Print.
"What Is Stomach Cancer?" Cancer.org. American Cancer Society, 22 Feb. 2013. Web. 22 Nov. 2013.
"What You Need To Know About Stomach Cancer." Cancer.gov. National Cancer Institute, 15 Oct. 2009. Web. 22 Nov. 2013.
"What's New in Stomach Cancer Research and Treatment?" Cancer.org. American Cancer Society, 22 Feb. 2013. Web. 22 Nov. 2013.

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