Essay on The Ethical Theory Of Ethical Relativism

Essay on The Ethical Theory Of Ethical Relativism

Length: 1071 words (3.1 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Better Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

Many seem to have falling prey to the seduction of ethical relativism, because it plays in to their ethnocentric egoistic moral belief. Individuals such as Pojman are able to critically evaluate this moral principle and not fall victim like his or hers lay counter parts. We will attempt to analyze the theory of ethical relativism, by check the validity of this ethical theory, and evaluate its ethical concepts. With these procedures we will find if it is competent as an ethical principle to adhere by. Then evaluate Louis Pojman critique on ethical relativism and analyze does he successfully refute relativism position. We will also analyze objectivism; the ethical theory which Pojman erects in the place of ethical relativism.
However, before begin we must note what are some of the must agree upon traits of a competent ethical principle. So we most evaluate each ethical principle being presented in this essay. The first is Prescriptivity; this trait is the ability to guide actions, nature of morality. This trait is used to assign praise and blame. Also, are used to provide feelings contentment and guilt (Fieser 7). Some of these principle are generally put forth as commands or imperatives (Fieser 7). Many may know this as, do not kill, do no unnecessary harm, and love you neighbor (Fieser 7). Most people and religions use these to advise others and influence actions (Fieser 7). A great example of prescriptivity is the Ten Commandments, this puts forth a list of permisble and umpermisible actions. The next is universalizability: “moral principles must apply to all people who are in a relevantly similar situations” (Fieser 7). This trait would best be manifested in the Golden Rule, “Do to others what you would want them to ...


... middle of paper ...


... varies accordingly (Fieser 45).
Pojman notes that relativists try to take it a step further through the indeterminacy thesis of translation (Fieser 45). Relativists imply that due to the simple fact that there exist radical differences in languages, that it is impossible to translate ethical principles cross-culturally (Fieser 45). Pojman would agree that relativists did not fully analysis the indeterminacy thesis of translation. Their premise is flawed in many ways; relativists seemed to have over looked refugees, asylum-seekers, sojourners and other immigrants who move into other societies that are opposite from their own. They all manage to learn the ethical principles of the land they have migrated to (Fieser 45). This supportive thesis is easily debunked and does not contains most of the ethical traits and falls short of the ethical principle assessment.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Essay The Ethical Theory Of Ethical Relativism

- Many seem to have fallen prey to the seduction of ethical relativism, because it plays into their ethnocentric egoistic moral belief. Individuals such as Pojman are able to critically evaluate this moral principle and not fall victim like his or hers lay counterparts. We will attempt to analyze the theory of ethical relativism, by check the validity of this ethical theory, and evaluate its ethical concepts. With these procedures we will find if it is competent as an ethical principle to adhere by....   [tags: Ethics, Morality, Moral relativism]

Better Essays
1436 words (4.1 pages)

The Theory of Ethical Relativism Essay

- The Theory of Ethical Relativism The theory behind ethical relativism states that ethical standards are not concrete for all societies and times, but rather are relative to the standards of individual societies and time periods. I disagree with this theory because societies should be judged by their moral beliefs on the foundations that time doesn't change what is morally right and wrong and their should be more emphasis based on the individual rights as opposed to respecting the morals of that individual's society....   [tags: Papers]

Free Essays
377 words (1.1 pages)

Cultural Relativism : Ethical And Moral Standards Essay

- Cultural Relativism Cultural Relativism is the theory that ethical and moral standards are based on what a particular society deems to be good or bad. Since different societies have different beliefs, cultural relativists believe there are many moral codes in the world. Cultural relativists believe there is no universal moral code, which is an independent standard that defines what is right or wrong all of the time, regardless of place. There are many different examples of Cultural Relativism in society....   [tags: Morality, Cultural relativism, Culture]

Better Essays
1275 words (3.6 pages)

Essay about Cultural Relativism And Social Relativism

- There are different countries and cultures in the world, and as being claimed by cultural relativists, there is no such thing as “objective truth in morality” (Rachels, 2012). Cultural relativists are the people who believe in the Cultural Ethical Relativism, which declares that different cultures value different thing so common ethical truth does not exist. However, philosopher James Rachels argues against this theory due to its lack of invalidity and soundness. He introduced his Geographical Differences Argument to point out several mistakes in the CER theory....   [tags: Morality, Culture, Cultural relativism, Logic]

Better Essays
1155 words (3.3 pages)

Cultural Relativism And Moral Values Essay

- Cultural relativism is the term given to the idea that there are no universal moral values that apply to all mankind and that every culture has its own set of moral principles. This set of principles varies from culture to culture, and it is extremely rare, if not totally impossible, to find a moral principle that is followed by all cultures. For example, the idea of arranged marriages, which is the concept of two families marrying their son and daughter even though they don’t particularly know each other, is fairly common in Indian culture but non-existent in American culture....   [tags: Morality, Cultural relativism, Moral relativism]

Better Essays
1457 words (4.2 pages)

Cultural Relativism Is A Weak Argument Essay

- In this paper I will argue that cultural relativism is a weak argument. Cultural relativism is the theory that all ethical and moral claims are relative to culture and custom (Rachels, 56). Pertaining to that definition, I will present the idea that cultural relativism is flawed in the sense that it states that there is no universal standard of moral and ethical values. First, I will suggest that cultural relativism underestimates similarities between cultures. Second, I will use the overestimating differences perspective to explain the importance of understanding context, intention and purpose behind an act....   [tags: Morality, Cultural relativism, Culture, Ethics]

Better Essays
900 words (2.6 pages)

Ethical Relativism And Moral Relativism Essay examples

- Ethical Relativism and Objectivism make up a very big part of our lives. These two theories affect our everyday decision making and they help us identify whether something is right or wrong. Ethical relativism states that what is right and wrong is determined by people whom are influenced by their beliefs, culture, time period, and personal views. This first theory is very personal and could go either way. Ethical objectivism on the other hand is more broad. This theory is more general and relies more on facts and what’s in front of you....   [tags: Morality, Ethics, Social philosophy, Truth]

Better Essays
726 words (2.1 pages)

Essay on Ethical Relativism and Cultural Relativism

- In explaining Cultural Relativism, it is useful to compare and contrast it with Ethical Relativism. Cultural Relativism is a theory about morality focused on the concept that matters of custom and ethics are not universal in nature but rather are culture specific. Each culture evolves its own unique moral code, separate and apart from any other. Ethical Relativism is also a theory of morality with a view of ethics similarly engaged in understanding how morality comes to be culturally defined. However, the formulation is quite different in that from a wide range of human habits, individual opinions drive the culture toward distinguishing normal “good” habits from abnormal “bad” habits....   [tags: moral codes, opinions, habits]

Better Essays
714 words (2 pages)

Ethical Relativism Essay

- Ethical Relativism What is right and wrong is a widely opinionated discrepancy among the human race. It varies between cultures, societies, religion, traditions, and endless influential factors. Ethical relativism is described by John Ladd as the “doctrine that the moral rightness and wrongness of actions varies from society and that there are no absolute universal moral standards binding on all men at all times....   [tags: Papers]

Better Essays
986 words (2.8 pages)

Relativism Essay

- The year was 1943. Hundreds of Jewish people were being marched into the gas chambers in accordance with Adolf Hitler's orders. In the two years that followed, millions of Jews were killed and only a fraction survived the painful ordeals at the Nazi German prison camps. However, all of the chaos ended as World War II came to a close: the American and British soldiers had won and Hitler's Third Reich was no more. A certain ethical position would state that the anti-sematic Nazi German culture was neither right nor wrong in its actions....   [tags: ethics beliefs cultural relativism essays papers]

Better Essays
2304 words (6.6 pages)