throat, which can complicate into Scarlet Fever. It is also possible to be infected through abrasions of the skin, which can result in cellulitis, impetigo, or even necrotizing fasciitis. Aside from human to human contact, these bacteria can also be found in unpasteurized milk. There is no vaccine for Streptococcal infections, though antibiotics such as penicillin still work very well against them. Introduction: S. pyogenes is a bacterium that permeates our society.
Microscopic examination of the lesions reveals prominent blood vessels, abnormal accumulations of white blood cells, and varying degrees of wound healing with scarring. In some diseases, the inflammation is clearly an immune reaction, the body's defense against invading microorganisms. In others, the cause is different or unknown. Infectious Arthritis This disease is most common in young adults. Infection in a joint is usually caused by bacteria or other microorganisms that invade the joint from its blood vessels.
It is a bacterium that normally inhabits the intestinal tract in humans and animals but when found in other body locations it can cause serious infections. The most common sites for E. faecalis infections are the heart, bloodstream, urinary tract, and skin wounds. Due to vancomycin-resistant Enterococci, many antibiotics have been shown ineffective in the treatment. In this paper, I will describe the ecology and pathology of E. faecalis; the antibacterial resistance; treatment; and, what you can do to prevent Enterococcus infection. Enterococci are normally found inhabiting the large bowls of humans but are also a part of the intestinal micro flora in mammals and birds.
However, unlike viruses, bacteria can be killed by medicines such as antibiotics. Meningitis is the infection of the meninges, which is the delicate membranes that cover and protect the brain and spinal cord. Tuberculosis used to be a wide spread disease. With the help of bacteria, the case in some countries around the world is getting worse. Bacteria are becoming resistant to antibiotics.
A.1. Statement of problem: Acinetobacter baumannii (A. baumannii) is a nosocomial, gram-negative bacterium commonly associated with pneumonia, meningitis, bacteremia, wound and urinary tract infections [1,2,25]. These bacteria are capable of preventing desiccation allowing it to thrive before prolong periods on various wet or dry surfaces. As an opportunistic human pathogen, A. baumannii may colonize a patient without causing any infections or symptoms, especially in tracheostomy sites or open wounds . Historically, A. baumannii infections were clinically treated with different classes of antibiotics such as aminoglycosides, carbapenems, macrolides, and penicillins .
If you do not treat the disease right away, it can kill you. You can cure TB by taking medicines for a long period of time. In the next few paragraphs I will discuss the benefits and limitations of the application of Gene Therapy, Genetic Testing and Genetic Engineering to humans. Gene therapy plays a huge role in this disease. Recently, researchers and scientists have found a new way to look at discrete fragments of DNA and spot a single mutation, which can really help with treating TB.
Streptococcus Pyogenes: Multi-Purpose Monsters Streptococcus pyogenes is a type of group A streptococci that causes many infectious diseases. This bacteria is commonly found in a variety of organisms, but is usually harmless unless the organisms defenses are compromised. When detrimental, group A streptococci cause infections such as impetigo, ecthyma, scarlet fever, and necrotizing fasciitis. Each of these infections displays different symptoms and requires different treatment. These treatments are primarily by antibiotics, because antibiotics are still the chief cure for GAS bacterial infections.
Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) is an infection provoked by a group of Staphylococcus aureus bacteria that reside on the exterior of people’s skin and inside of the nose. This bacterium is typically innocuous; however, it can cause infections in various parts of the body because is resistant to a number of commonly used antibiotics which makes the infection extremely difficult to cure. MRSA has several symptoms including infectious skin, but sometimes it can cause serious infections inside of the body. To diagnose MRSA most commonly a lab test is done to the infected area of the skin, but depending on the patients symptoms a urine, sputum, or blood test can be done. Accordingly, MRSA is treatable with exiguous antibiotics that are still effective, depending on the severity of the infection and its location in the body.
After the staining process, my bacteria were found to be Gram positive that had a rod shape. We then isolated the bacteria to obtain a pure culture. I had to do this twice; the first plate had contamination areas mixed with my bacteria. It was either my inoculation process or something in the air landed onto the dish. Once a pure culture was obtained, I continued with the testing.
(http://www.webmd.com/skin-problems-and-treatments/understanding-impetigo-basics) (Nemours, 1995-2011) The two main bacteria precipitating Impetigo are staphylococcus aureus, the most common cause, and streptococcus pyogenes. If left untreated, streptococcus pyogenes can also cause post-streptococcal glumerulonephritis, or a disease that causes an inflammation of the kidney to occur following a strep throat infection. Although this is rare, standard precautions must still be taken to prevent these repercussions. Staphylococcus aureus and streptococcus pyogenes are the main causes of Impetigo, but they are not the only. Other lesions, such as eczema, body lice, insect bit... ... middle of paper ... ...s simple as washing hands and showering regularly can terminate the chances of coming across this bacteria.