naturalism and realism

1445 Words3 Pages

During the 1840s and the 1910s began two writing movements in American Literature that made Americans view reality in a whole new way. Realism and naturalism played a huge role in that era. Each writer had a style that captivated the audience’s interest, and sparked up an image of the story’s idea. Main authors like Stephen Crane, Kate Chopin, Jack London, Mark Twain, and Ambrose Bierce could be classified as a realist or a naturalist, by how they explain their views in their stories. “Realism is a manner of treating subject matter that presents a careful description of everyday life, usually of the lower and middle classes. It is a theory of writing in which the ordinary, familiar, or mundane aspects of life are represented in a straightforward or matter-of-fact manner that is presumed to reflect life as it actually is.” (Dictionary.com) Realism was inspired by the civil war, and was mainly focused on middle class people and their problems. It described a faithful representation of life, without the involvement of God. It was also based on real life situations of the real world. The world everyone lives in today, but yet there is still no God used in the writing. Later naturalism was introduced; authors wrote and exaggerated form of realism. “A manner or technique of treating subject matter that presents, through volume of detail, a deterministic view of human life and actions. A deterministic theory of writing in which it is held that a writer should adopt an objective view toward the material written about, be free of preconceived ideas as to form and content, and represent with clinical accuracy and frankness the details of life. It is a representation of natural appearances or natural patterns of speech, manner, etc., in ... ... middle of paper ... ... but instead he snaps out of it and plummets to his death. His neck snaps and the planter is no longer living. The text says, “Peyton Farquhar was dead; his body, with a broken neck, swung gently from side to side beneath the timbers of the Owl Creek bridge.” (Bierce) Peyton was executed and could not do anything to save his own life. He made some mistakes that he paid with his life. To finalize, a few authors during the 1840s and 1910s were classified as naturalist and realist by explaining their point of view in their stories. Each author had a unique way of writing each story. They illustrated a main idea in each story, and were mainly narrated. Some realist wrote in first person, but often used limited third person writing. Naturalist used third person and first person in their writing. Each author had a way to draw the audience in and made their point clear.

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