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Jo G. Holland’s article, The Feminization of the Community Corrections Work Force, was published in Corrections Magazine (Holland, 2008, pp. 44-47). It discusses issues related to women in the corrections profession, including historical male domination, barriers for women, and the challenges ahead. Holland begins the article by discussing historical male dominance in the corrections profession. It traditionally has been exclusive to laws being created, enforced, and interpreted by men, including legislators, law enforcement officers, and judges (Chapman, Minor, Mills, Bottum, 1983). The perception has always been men deal with crime and women do not because of their traditional gender role (Naffine, 1996). Women have worked in corrections since the 19th century, but they were not integrated into men’s institutions until the 1970. This occurred after the expansion of Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1972. Women took advantage of the plentiful jobs that were available in male prisons. Also, the pay and promotional opportunities were better in male prisons (Merlo and Pollock, 1995). But as Title VII increased opportunities, women have continued to feel suppressed in the male dominated corrections profession (Morton, 1991). Holland then discusses the barriers facing women, which include informal cultural exclusion, hostility during interaction, policies that advance gender separation, sexual harassment, and the absence of support and networking systems (Martin and Jurik, 1996). Holland’s position of gender inequality is based on a study by Norfolk State University’s Department of Criminal Justice. The 2005 study examined the key issues relevant to the role of women working in community corrections (Norfolk Universit... ... middle of paper ... ...ce, National Institute of Justice. Holland, J.G. (2005). Gender and the Community Corrections Work Force. Norfolk, Va.: Norfolk State University, Department of Criminal Justice. Holland, J. G. (2008). The Feminization of the Community Corrections Work Force. Corrections Today. 70. 4: 44-47. Martin, S. E. and Jurik, N. C. (1996). Doing justice, Doing Gender. Thousand Oaks, Calif.: Sage. Merlo, A. V., and Pollock, J. M. (1995). Women, Law, and Social Control. Boston: Allyn and Bacon. Morton, J.B., ed. (1991). Change, Challenge, and Choices: Women’s Role in Modern Corrections. Lanham, Md.: American Correctional Association. Naffine, N. (1996). Feminism and Criminology. Philadelphia: Temple University Press. National Institute of Corrections. (2003). Assessment of NIC’s Executive Leadership Training for Women. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Department of Justice, NIC.

In this essay, the author

  • Explains that women hired after 1994 are more likely to apply for promotion due to a higher confidence in ability.
  • Opines that a strong majority of women agreed that networking systems are needed in the department of corrections. without networking, women don't have input, causing barriers to career development.
  • Opines that women hired after 1994 are more likely to aspire for an administrator career than probation or parole officer.
  • Analyzes jo g. holland's article, the feminization of the community corrections workforce, which discusses issues related to women in the corrections profession, including historical male domination and barriers for women.
  • Agrees with holland's conclusion that the corrections profession needs to eliminate gender bias and develop support systems and networking opportunities for women in order to achieve organizational goals.
  • Explains that holland, j.g., merlo, a.v. and pollock. women, law, and social control.
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