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Jeremy Bentham was born on February 15th, 1748 in Houndsditch, London and died June 6th 1832. Bentham was a British theorist, jurist, and social activist. Bentham was the founder of modern utilitarianism. Bentham became a leading philosopher in Anglo-American philosophy of law, and a political radical who influenced the progress of well-being. He was an advocate to the people regarding economic liberty, freedom of expression, equal rights for women, decriminalization of homosexual activities, separation of church and state and right to divorce. He made an effort to abolish the death penalty, to abolish slavery and to abolish physical punishment that included children. In his early years he was an advocator for animal rights. Bentham attended Westminster School in 1760, at age 12 his father sent him to The Queen's College, Oxford, he completed his Bachelor's degree in 1763 and Master’s degree in 1766. He was qualified as a lawyer but never practiced law. When the American colonies published their Declaration of Independence in July 1776, the British government present any response, however, they secretly commissioned London lawyer John Lind to publish a rebuttal. The 130 page rebuttal was spread in the colonies and contained an essay titled "Short Review of the Declaration" written by Jeremy Bentham, a friend of Lind's, the rebuttal criticized and ridiculed the Americans' political beliefs. Bentham is particularly noted for his theories of punishment. He claimed that all punishment required justification, he believed that all punishment is integrally evil. Bentham also believed that seeing justice done is more important than justice actually being done. Bentham designed some harsh ideas of punishment, such as the belief that in ce... ... middle of paper ... ...n beings cherish their lives and try to make the most of it, taking that away from a person is the worst thing anyone can do. The fact that these three were released after six months of imprisonment is very disrespectful to the family and the community. No justice was done for Parker, it was more like a slap on the hand, these men got away with murder and no one tried enough to give them what they deserved. Jeremy Bentham progression of importance of punishment as a deterrence and the theory of utility and rationality. Though individuals have disapproved his methods, writing ability and some of his theories, Jeremy Bentham became well-known for his development of the utilitarian way of looking at society and the many improvements he made on the criminal justice system and legislation for the improvement of England in the 18th and 19th century and the United States.
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