in the military today. Over 42 percent of all enlisted women say they have sexual harassed by they*re male colleges. There have been major scandals
Priest, Dana. “Military Study Finds Women Fill Few Jobs Tied to Combat.” Washington Post. 21 Oct. 1997. Vol.
Historically, women have been excluded from combat roles. On the surface, it is because men, who have always thought of themselves better and stronger than women, believed that females could not handle the responsibility of holding a combat position and women are rupturing the socially constructed gender norms that were set in place. According to Nicole Dombrowski, “no other topic concerning women’s role in war creates as great a debate as the question of women’s active participation in combat units.” The benefits for the expansion of women’s roles in the military advantage not only the women but the military as well. In comparison, the drawbacks of expansion of women’s roles are usually disadvantages to the men within the military.
We live in a time where women can run for president and leave the house instead of staying home as a housewife. Women are competing in the Olympics and becoming cops. So the question is, “should women be allowed in combat?” Women have been in combat since the late 1700s so why not let it stay that way. Women should be allowed in combat because they are already serving in combat. Research from the Defense Advisory Committee on Women in the Services (DACOWITS) shows that a positive impact was resulted from women who contributed to combat in Iraq (Women Should be…). However, women shouldn’t be allowed in combat not because of their gender but because they aren’t capable of keeping up with combat tasks. This is shown by the physical traits of an average woman. Women in combat have lower physical strength than the average man (Donelly). In this paper we will find out whether or not women should be allowed to be in combat and how capable they are of being in combat.
Historically, women’s participation in combat roles was limited or hidden, with the exception of a few individuals. Although women had fought unofficially in the U.S army as far back as the Revolutionary War, which they usually disguised themselves as men in order to avoid the rules that excluded them. The gender war and integration in the military has always faced the question of social acceptance, were as society can accept how women will be treated and respected in the military. Throughout the history of the military, our leadership has always sought ways of how to integrate without upsetting the general public to believing that women are capable and created equal as any man.
During WWII, the initial acceptance of woman in the military was controversial because they were deciding whether just needed more people, whether they should be an official part of the services, and whether they could perform the jobs. Most people were concerned that women would obstruct the view of American culture because they would be considered “masculine”. By 1944, women proved to be effective in helping during the war. Some were even trained to shoot guns next to the men. In 1994 the DOD (Department of Defense) created a policy that prevented women from combat with their male colleagues. They also could not be assigned to units below the brigade level, whose number one objective is combat on ground. Over the years women have showed that they are physically, mentally, and emotionally able to keep up with men in the military.
Binkin, Martin & Bach J. Shirley, “Women and the Military,” Washington, D.C.: The Brookings Institution 1977.
“Women in Combat”. New York Times” (2012): Global Issues in Context. Web. 25 Feb. 2014.
Leonard, Mary D. “Should Women be in Combat.” Proquest. Pulitzer inc. 10 July 2005. Web. 10 March 2014.
Presented by retired U.S. Army Ranger Jeff Struecker in a CNN Interview; “I think what we’ve just done is open the door to the expectation that women will now serve in the most violent, dangerous roles in the military (Stuecker),” the argument states that if women are allowed into the military, the future will bring their expectation to serve. It states that in the future, women and men will be drafted and the army will be made up of an equal number of men and women. This fifty-fifty makeup, says Struecker, is not beneficial due to the fact that the average male far outperforms the average female in battle training
Towell, Pat. "Women's Combat Role Debated as Chiefs Denounce Sex Bias." Congressional Quarterly 1 Aug. 1992: 2292-93.
Jane brings up an issue of equality that has been a topic of discussion for decades: whether or not women should be allowed to serve in military ground combat and special forces roles. A history of women in the United States military dates back to the American Revolution. It was not uncommon for women to disguise themselves as men and fight alongside the males. More women served in World War I and World War II, primarily in nursing, administrative, and communications support roles (McGraw, et al., “Women in Combat: Framing the Issues of Health and Health Research for America’s Servicewomen,” 7). In 1948, the Women’s Armed Services Integration Act was signed, allowing women to serve as permanent members of the military, though in gender segregated units with a majority of occupations still closed to women. In 1976, the Department of Defense began gender integration of the service academies. (Wechsler Segal, et al., “The Role of Leadership and Peer Behaviors in the Performance and Well-Being of Women in Combat: Historical Perspectives, Unit Integration, and Family Issues, 28). In 1993, women were allowed to serve as fighter pilots, but in 1994, the Department of Defense excluded women from ground combat roles. The topic of gender integration continued to be a heated issue, sparking the release of G.I. Jane in 1997. The role of women in combat has drastically changed during recent conflicts in Iraq and Afghanistan. Modern warfare no longer has a true “front line,” and many women have actually been “in combat.” This has necessitated recent changes in the military. Women were allowed to serve on board submarines beginning in 2011. In January 2013, then Secretary of Defense Leon Panetta removed the 1994 ban on women in combat, with intentions for full integration as of January 2016 (McGraw, et al., 8). Current Secretary of Defense, Ash Carter, declared in December 2015 that all combat roles would be open to women beginning in January 2016. Despite the move