“Time is Russia’s great ally; she is growing much faster than her only European rival, England”, E.E.C. wrote. Russia was growing much faster than England during the late 1880’s, thanks to hard work towards the completion of the Siberian railway. E.E.C. was worried that if Russia acquires Asia, then the rest of the world will have no chance in defeating them.
This meant that they were able to pay off the reparations over a longer period of time (the Dawes plan was also revised by the Young plan which reduced reparations even further), and could also invest in new projects such as housing and roads. It also meant that in 1927 the social insurance scheme was brought in to protect over 17million workers. Unemployment insurance was also brought in and financed by a levy, half paid by employers, half by employees. Factories were re-equipped with new machinery such as the new Ford conveyor belt, which increased efficiency. In 1923 industrial output was already exceeding 1913 levels and this had doubled by 1929.
Peter the Great’s plan was to modernize Russia so the life of the citizens would be improved and to remove Russia’s inability to defend itself. Peter the Great was strongly influenced by other European countries, as this was seen in many of his reforms. Peter the Great made Russia more modern by reforming the military, changing the way people were educated, and improving the economy of Russia. Peter the Great had a lot to do if he wanted to reform and strengthen Russia’s military. Russia’s army was very inexperienced and powerless before Peter the Great’s reforms.
... ... middle of paper ... ... To conclude, I feel that Stalin improved Russia but at a great cost and disregard for human life. Throughout his regime the countries economy grew vastly and standard of life. I feel that because of his vision of the revolution, it makes Russia the world power it is today. Also I feel that he could have had more regard for the citizens whilst revolutionising the nation. His 5-year plans improved the country and in many ways made it what it is today (production of coal, steel, electricity, oil etc).
He aimed to catch up with and surpass them within ten years. Russia's industry was recovering from the effects of war, but even then, production from heavy industry was low compared with other countries. Stalin felt it was necessary to catch up with the West because the West that hated Communism threatened the USSR. To survive an attack from the West, the USSR had to rapidly expand its heavy industries: coal, iron, steel and power. This would allow the USSR to expand and strengthen its military.
Stalin's Power in the Soviet Union The above were all important reasons why Stalin was able to hold on to power in the Soviet Union. In the 1930s Stalin consolidated his position as "Supreme Dictator" of the Soviet Unionand he maintained this position using many different methods, the main two were controlling the people by terror and having control of and manipulating their ideas. Also Stalin's economic policies were extremely successful, had he not had these successes he would not have been able to hold on to power. When Stalin emerged as leader in 1928 the USSR was a backward country and lacked in industry. Stalin however managed to transform the country into a modern, powerful, industrial nation and he did this in several ways.
Not to mention that half of the new member countries have had more than double the increase than that of the average increase for EU countries which is about 2.4%. (europa.eu.int/enlargement/memo_en.htm). Even though China is being foreseen as the next true super power due to their population and rapid increase in industrialization, but in these next years it could be Europe which will finally pass the United States as the worlds top power. The reason that it will be Europe is that all of these countries have already been industrialized for quite some time now and they are just starting to reach their potential. Now with all of the new member states many companies and countries are more willingly investing their money into the countries of Eastern Europe.
This system was developed to increase labor turnover and create a more stable and committed workforce. This wage increase was copiously overshadowed by the increase to $5.00 a day just three months later. This pay raise was coupled with a reduction in work hours. Henry Ford replaced the two existing nine-hour shifts with a new nonstop rotation of eight-hour shifts around the clock. The new pay raise was part of a complicated system.
These citizens worked in the most inhumane conditions, all with the intention to help their country develop under the new system of the Soviet Union. The Soviet Union had just gone through an entire turn around in their political, social, and economic spheres as they went from one extreme to another. The old Czarist government was always out to serve the rich landowners, while treating the peasantry as second-class humans rather than equals. However, when the Russian Revolution came to a head, and the Red Communists or Bolsheviks defeated the White Czarists, Russia was left with an entirely new system of thought in its government. This ideology viewed the working class and peasantry as the main citizens in their society, while the rich landowners were not nearly as powerful as they once were.
He worked assiduously to rebuild America as a country and to improve its current state of turmoil. Robert H. Ferrell’s Harry S. Truman and the Modern American Presidency, documents this presidency. President Harry S. Truman responded to the aftermath of World War II with domestic and foreign policies that obliged the United States government to act with more vigorousness and to be active participators, rather than just observing from the sidelines. He trained the government to tackle each problem with more intensity, which contradicted the formerly isolationist state of America. The United States was a strictly capitalist nation, therefore, they felt imperiled by the spread of communism.