William Of Rubruck

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All people feared the Mongols of the thirteenth century. There are many reasons as to why people cringed when they heard the word Mongol. King Louis IX was especially fearful of the Mongols. He was so anxious he sent William of Rubruck to infiltrate the Mongol society, unravel their plans, integrate Christianity into their society, and show the world the culture of the medieval Mongols. William of Rubruck was a traveling Franciscan monk. He lived from about 1200 to 1256. He accompanied King Louis IX on the seventh crusade and became close with him. Louis feared Europe was next on the Tartars list to be conquered. His reaction was to send William to the Court of the Great Khan in 1253 to convert them to Christianity and to assure that Europe was safe from invasion. The first reason Louis feared the Mongols wasn’t because of their superior weaponry; it was the traditional horse riding skill of the Tartars. Stirrups were standard for the horsemen. These stirrups allow the riders to attain great agility. The Mongols were such skilled horsemen that they could be riding full speed and accurately shoot arrows and skillfully wield swords. This dexterity allowed them to be incredibly deadly. Although horsemanship is a great factor in the effectiveness of the Mongols’ military attacks, it is not the main reason the Mongols were greatly feared. The most important constituent to the Mongols success was ‘a ruthless use of two psychological weapons, loyalty and fear’ (Gascoigne 2010). Ghengis Khan, the Mongol leader from 1206-1227, was merciless and made a guileful contrast in his treatment of nomadic kinsfolk and settled people of cities. For instance, a warrior of a rival tribe who bravely fights against Ghengis Khan and loses will be r... ... middle of paper ... ...stianity and figure out if they were going to invade, but neither of these goals would be achieved. This is true because of the austere and brash mannerisms of the Mongol people. However, a few unseen achievements were reached through William’s travels whether he knew it or not. He revealed the condition of China and the fact that the Caspian was an inland sea. More importantly William created the most distinguished and sought after account of the medieval Mongols in the world today. Works Cited Dawson, Christopher. “Mission to Asia.” Toronto: University of Toronto Press, for the Medieval Academy of America. 1980. Gascoigne, Bamber. “History of the Mongols.” History World. http://www.historyworld.net/wrldhis/PlainTextHistories.asp?historyid=aa76. Schlager, Patricius. “William Rubruck.” The Catholic Encyclopedia. http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/13217a.htm.

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