William Golding's View of Humanity

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William Golding's View of Humanity Taking a post at the Maidstone Grammar School for boys and joining the Royal Navy, gave Golding his understanding of boys and cynical view of the war. William Golding says, "the theme (of the book) is an attempt to trace back the defects of society to the defects of human nature..." Golding's view of humanity is clearly displayed throughout Lord of the Flies. Through the constant symbolism we are made aware of Golding's pessimism towards society. As the book progresses he forms an allegory between the island and the real world. When the boys first arrive on the island they are full of enthusiasm and are eager to begin a new, civilised society. We witness immediately the voting in of Ralph as chief and the introduction of rules, "we'll have rules!" The conch is discovered and instantly a democratic society is established. As a result of this, assemblies take place, issues are discussed and decisions are made. At this stage there is a strong sense of order. The capability of the boys to construct such a society is impressive and reflects a positive view of humanity. The question of rescue is soon resolved with fire and the choir is content with watching it and hunting. The impression Golding gives is one of optimism and cheerfulness. The boys have come from a civilised and cultured society and they are dedicated in ensuring the same standard of living is present on the island. In the midst of the excitement, there are evident indications of friction beginning to emerge. Most threatening of all is head choirboy Jack Merridew. Like Ralph he naturally possesses confidence and a sense of authority... ... middle of paper ... ...represented goodness and order. Finally we watch as the boy's pitiful fear, develops into the breakdown of the society. The evilness of the beast was only a manifestation of the boy's fears alone, so ultimately it was the boy's fears that led to the downfall in their civilization. Like Golding said, the defects of society are due to the defects in the human nature. From this statement we can draw a parallel between the evil in the world and the essential flaws within man. Therefore we can understand from the Lord of the Flies that William Golding believes humanity to be completely defective. We can gather that he considers even the traces of goodness and order among humanity unable to stand against the wickedness and hostility of man. Thus we can conclude that William Golding's view of humanity is entirely pessimistic.
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