To win the election, the candidate must achieve a majority of 270 electoral votes. If no candidate receives a majority of Electoral votes, the selection of top 3 presidents with the most Electoral votes are selected, with each state having one vote. The Senate would elect the Vice President from the 2 candidates with the most Electoral votes. Professor Judith A. Best makes many different points in her paper, defending the Electoral College and why it is good for the society.
One happens to be it been here since we created the constitution and simply because it works. Another reason is that it “maintains a federal system of government and representation” (Creasman, Carl.). It stabilizes the political system encouraging a two party system. The system is not meant to be perfect but to work in a rational ways such as if a candidate is getting most votes they should receive most colleges win but in very close instances in history show that you can win majority rule and not achieve all the colleges. This eliminates a focus on a minority groups also.
The Electoral College Should Be Abolished Many years after the United States was founded, the Constitutional Convention met to decide how the new nation would govern itself; they later came to settle on the Electoral College. The Electoral College is a system in which the president and vice president are chosen indirectly. In general, the delegates did not believe that a direct popular vote was acceptable, however that it should be decided by the US senators and representatives instead. The way in which it works: a candidate must receive a majority of the electoral votes to be officially declared president. If no candidate obtains a majority, the US Representatives selects the president from the top three contenders; this means each state receives
Currently, the Electoral College is calculated at 538 Electors, consisting of 100 Senators, 435 Representatives, and 3 Electors from the District of Columbia, which constitutes Presidential candidates requiring 270 Electoral College votes to be considered majority rule (NARA, n.d.). The winner-take-all system of the Electoral College should reflect the popular vote of the citizen’s, but electoral votes can supersede the popular vote, for example the Presidential election in 2000 between George W. Bush and Al Gore. Negative light was shone on the Electoral College, due to the popular vote belonging to Al Gore but the Electoral College votes going to George W. Bush, thus making him President. This distorts the citizen’s true preference and betrays the voice of the
If the Electoral College system is abolished and the president is determined based on the popular vote, third-party nominees may have a better chance of winning an election and the process would be fairer. Though many decisions made by the founding fathers still benefits the country today, the Electoral College should be abolished because the system is just too complex and takes a long time and the people who disagree with majority, their votes are not considered. Why should a citizen of the United States living under the rule and power of a president, not be able to choose their president? People should not feel disenfranchised when picking the person who will ‘protect them’. The Electoral College system should totally be abolished and initiate a direct voting system.
But if it were popular vote than presidential candidates would then have to make sure that all of America was pleased with their campaign instead of a select few. Secondly instead of winning the entire state, why wouldn 't it be better for the candidates to only win a fraction of the state? Such as breaking up the electoral votes. The winner takes all strategy is no longer working as we can see candidates do not spend time in states such as Idaho or Utah. If they were to break up the vote they would finally be able to say that their voting method provides equal representation.
That is just not the way a democracy is supposed to work. I believe that it is time for the United States Government to start realizing that the campaign process is getting out of control. The majority of presidential candidates only want to win a state's electoral votes. They do not concentrate on the smaller states.
This disproportional misrepresentation allows the citizens of the less populated states to have a greater voice than those of the greater populated states. Another issue would be concerning “Faithless Electors”. The Electors were chosen as a way to disregard any uneducated votes made by the citizens but also keeping in mind which particular candidate the majority of the population of a state wishes to vote for. Although the national vote from the citizens is supposed to give the Electors a view on which way the majority of the state wished to vote, the Elector doesn’t necessarily have to vote for the particular candidate that they pledge
Every elected office in the United States except the most important the President, is elected on the basis of individual votes. (The Electoral College) In poll after poll, the American people have expressed their desire to abandon the Electoral College system. (The Electoral College Code) It is time for American government to listen to the people. It is time to listen to the majority. It is time for the United States to abandon an antiquated and undemocratic system.
The founders originally came up with several different ideas to accomplish this. After deciding against a popular national vote, they considered just having the congress or the state legislature select the president. They finally decided on the system that we have today, the Electoral College. The Electoral College works by representing each state separately in the election. In doing this, the states share power with the federal government.