Victim Precipitation In Criminology

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Victim precipitation is a theory in criminology that analyzes how a victim 's interaction with the offender may have contributed to the crime being committed. Variation of intent by the offender and how the victim may or may not have contributed to the crime, regardless of the actions. With some offenders looking for the right situation to commit a crime, others show little to no prior intent. The approach with assumption that all offenders are equal in their drive and desire to engage in criminal activity was untenable. In 1974, Curtis attempted an integrated approach and sketched a grid that allows the degree of victim precipitation to vary. This strategy recognized five degrees of precipitation, ranging from pure victim precipitation to total offender responsibility. The table (p. 14) "The Precipitation Grid Outlining the Relative Responsibility …show more content…

For example, the victims of the shooting at the Pulse nightclub were completely innocent of the crime against them. The offender entered the building with full intent to shoot and kill as many people as possible while inside the establishment. The victims were simply victimized on account of the fact that they happened to be in the building at the time the offender carried out their pre-meditated crime. Alcohol, drugs, lifestyle, and location can also play a role in victim precipitation. A robbery/mugging victim could be at fault if they are intoxicated, on drugs, in a bad part of town, or walking alone at night. Even though they may not take into consideration that these things can play a role in being a victim of a violent crime, it is their responsibility to take precautionary measures to avoid finding themselves in the situation given. In this way, the victim has some contribution to the crime but the offender is the one with more or most

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