Teen Pregnancy Over the past two decades, the rates of teen pregnancy have grown dramatically. According to the Prevention of Teen Pregnancy, approximately every thirty-one seconds ateenager becomes pregnant in the United States. This is unbelievable, however that is the truth that no one can deny. Many people think that teen pregnancy don't effect them unless they get pregnant or one of the family members in teenage get pregnant. However teen pregnancy really affects our communities and country.
Did you know that 3 in 10 teen girls in the United States will get pregnant at least once before they turn 20 years old? (“Teen Pregnancy”). Or that most teenagers want to be pregnant before they are 20 years old. In 2009 approximately 410,00 teens aged 15-19 gave birth in the United States and the teen birth rate remains higher than other developing countries (“Pazol”). The most shocking news to many teens having kids is that childbearing cost the United States about 9 billion annually and that the national teen birth rate was 39.1 birth per 1,000 and 37% decrease from 61.8 per 1,000 lowest in all records (“Pazol”).
There has been a decline in unplanned pregnancies rates, however, the level are still too high. Unmarried pregnancy in teenagers has already had a huge impact on society in the United States. On an individual level and a larger spectrum the effects have been felt on broader level. There are so many unfavorable consequences that are associated with premarital teen childbearing. The teen pregnancy, poverty, and income disparity article states that “two-thirds of families begun by a young unmarried mother are poor” as noted by (Teen pregnancy, poverty, and income disparity, 2010).
Teen pregnancy is preventable but we still know it is going to happen each and every year. I believe that talking about prevention at an appropriately early age is key. More importantly the way a teenage girl feels pressure to make choices about her pregnancy and how to tell her family the news is something we should prepare teenage girls about as well. Teaching a young woman the value she can put towards her and her baby’s future is very important and will be more valuable than scolding it through their minds that sex is bad. There are many reasons why there are so many unplanned pregnancies among teens in this country each year.
Over the past few decades, the problem of teen pregnancy has grown considerably in this country. However, the most extensive dilemma regarding the issue of adolescent pregnancy is the incredibly important question of prevention. Preventing teen pregnancy includes such solutions as the availability of birth control, sexual education among children and adolescents, and a greater sense of support for pregnant teens. However, before society can begin to successfully prevent pregnancies among teenage girls, the underlying causes and facts about the dilemma must first be exposed. Eighty-five percent of the teenage girls who become pregnant every year do not plan their pregnancies; an alarming fifteen- percent of these pregnancies is, in fact, intentional (Ayer 107).
Teen Latinas that are of low self esteem, lack of opportunities, having a teen mother, low educational expectations, living in a single-parent family are at more risk of teen pregnancy. (Lee & Hahm, 2010) Teen mothers go through many problems- that consists health problems, economical problems and social problems. They receive poor prenatal care and have many complications during pregnancy. They have psychological distress, depressive symptoms and high suicidal rates. School dropouts are also higher among pregnant teens than non pregnant teens.
Teen pregnancy is an issue sweeping across the United States. Having one of the highest birth rates among teens, it has become a great ordeal. Teenage Pregnancy sends a person from childhood to adulthood in a matter of months. It is common that most people who have a child while in their teens will most likely not complete their schooling. It is also very common that these new teen parents will find themselves living in poverty after having their first child, which just so happens to be one of the leading causes of teen pregnancy therefore creating a path for the cycle to repeat itself.
When you become pregnant at a young age your education can be put on hold. Many teens who get pregnant during high school decide to drop out so that they can get a full time job to support their child. According to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, babies born to teenagers may have weaker intellectual development and lower skill set scores in kindergarten. So having a child at a young age can also affect their education. Another effect of teen pregnancy is financial problems.
“Young women from low income families are getting pregnant at a higher rate than those from middle and upper income families,” (Development, 2008). Children who have disadvantaged childhoods tend to deal with lack of resources and horrible educational resources result in teen pregnancy. It is more common for children who live in poverty. According to Sarah K. Garwood, Division of Adolescent Medicine at Washington University et al., argues that teenagers who live in poverty with Child Protective Services (CPS) history has a higher risk of getting pregnant than children with no CPS history. In the article, they are arguing that the risk of teenage pregnancy is that the teens live in poverty, the teens have CPS history and they have been mistreated
Some recent studies estimate that the cost may be as high as $28 billion per year or an average of $5,500 for each teen parent. “Adverse Effects” states, “The majority of this cost is associated with teens who give birth before age 18.” Taxpayers are paying loads of money each year for improved health/ foster care, public assistance payments, increased restraint rates among children of teen parents and lost tax revenue because of lower educational attainment and income among teen mothers (Adverse Effect