Although there are plenty different types of eating disorders, the main ones that will be focused on in this paper are: anorexia, bulimia, and binge eating. Eating disorders are tremendously serious health conditions and without proper knowledge and help, they can quickly spin out of control. Informing yourself about the varying types of eating disorders is essential if you wish to understand the causes and effects of them. Anorexia nervosa is characterized by a limited intake of food, starving oneself, and even exercising profusely to rid one’s body of what they consider to be extra calories. Fear of gaining weight or becoming overweight is ordinarily seen in those with anorexia and bulimia.
The Dangerous Effects of Eating Disorders You probably hear about eating disorders, and how they can be do dangerous, but what are eating disorders exactly? Eating disorders are a groups of serious conditions in which you are so preoccupied with the food that you eat and how much you weigh, you often focus on little else (http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/eating-disorders/basics/definition/con-20033575 ). There are three main types of eating disorders. Anorexia nervosa is the fear of gaining weight. If you have bulimia nervosa, you eat large amounts very quickly, and then you purge.
"Anorexia nervosa is an eating disorder on an overwhelming dread of becoming fat. The result of this unfounded fear is self-starvation and major weight loss. In addition, the undernourishment may cause hormonal disturbances, anemia, heart problems, brittle bones and many other problems, some of which are life-threatening ("Anorexia Nervosa," 1). Bulimia is an eating disorder that is psychological in origin and can have dire physical consequences. While anorexics starve themselves, bulimics binge on food and then purge by self-induced vomiting.
“No one knows exactly what causes eating disorders. However, all socioeconomic, ethnic and cultural groups are at risk” (Matthews, 2001, p.3). Eating disorders are difficult to diagnose but can be deadly if left untreated. Background The Alliance for Eating Disorder Awareness (n.d.) observes, Eating disorders affect five to ten million Americans adolescent girls and women and approximately one million American boys and men. In addition, approximately 70 million individuals in the world struggle with this disorder.
This essay will also assess the symptoms, causes, health affects and the most prevalent characteristics of people diagnosed with these two eating disorders. “Anorexia Nervosa is characterized by self-starvation to avoid obesity. People with this disorder believe they are overweight, even when their bodies become grotesquely distorted by malnourishment.” (Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia) Symptoms of Anorexia Nervosa include: heart muscle damage, heartbeat irregularities, low blood pressure, kidney damage, kidney failure, convulsions or seizures, loss of menstrual period in women, loss of bone density and fertility problems. (Schulherr) Anorexia Nervosa not only has physical symptoms but psychological symptoms as well. The psychological symptoms include strange behaviors, such as, only eating certain foods based primarily on caloric intake.
Anorexia, meaning without appetite according to Random History, is an eating disorder where one fears gaining weight, so one self-starves (Rust). Bulimia, the more advanced stage of anorexia, consists of a rapid consumption of food followed by purging attempts using laxatives, excessive exercise, and self-induced vomiting (Rust). Binge-eating, on the other hand, is when one periodically goes on a long binge but does not vomit afterwards (Rust). This eventually leads to obesity. Eating disorders may cause physical and emotional complications.
Bulimia nervosa is also something that is related to obsession with losing weight, however for people who suffer from bulimia nervosa, they will have a cycle of binge eating and try to compensate their amount of food intake such as by forcing themselves to throw up. The last one is binge-eating which will result in a different way from the other two. People who suffer from binge-eating will also have a cycle of binge eating without trying to compensate their food intake. Therefore, instead of losing their weight, sufferer of binge eaters would have unusual weight gains and become overweight. According to CNN.com, 10 million American women and 1 million of American men suffer from anorexia or bulimia, 13 million of American women and men suffer from binge eating, and the percentage increase of eating-disorder related hospitalizations from 1999 to 2006 was 119% among ch... ... middle of paper ... ...g the appearance of TV shows, educating people about the way of eating rights, change of media system that encourage a healthier figure rather than a thin figure, food labelling and many more.
An eating disorder is an extreme expression of emotion, distress, or inner problems. An eating disorder can be compared to drug use or self mutilation as a way to relieve pain or stress. Food or the denial of food becomes the drug of choice and is used to numb painful feelings. There are three main types of eating disorders, anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa and binge eating disorder, also known as compulsive eating disorder. Anorexia Nervosa is an extremely abnormal fear of gaining weight, a distorted self image, a refusal to eat and severe weight loss.
These eating disorders can be, but are not limited to, Anorexia Nervosa, when a person tries to avoid eating, Bulimia, when a person eats a lot and then goes and vomits, and binge eating is when a person can not get enough food. A eating disorder is not always easy to pick up on just because of what the person says because it also has a lot to do with "a sud... ... middle of paper ... ...ased Adolescents: Support for a Relationship between Eating Disorder Symptoms, Low Fatty Acid Intake and Depressive Symptoms.. (n.d.): n. pag. 20 Sept. 2013. Web. 25 Nov. 2013.
According to Merriam-Webster dictionary an eating disorder is defined as any several psychological disorders characterized by serious disturbances of eating behavior. One type of eating disorder is Anorexia nervosa. This is when some people have a small food intake, which leads to a weight that is too low. Bulimia nervosa is a condition that causes people to binge eat, then take steps to avoid weight gain. Most commonly the vomiting Binge-eating disorder is eating large quantities of food, which is from a feeling of loss of control during the binge, then experiencing shame, distress or guilt afterwards Purging disorder is a control weight or shape in the absence of binge eating episodes that occurs in people with normal or near-normal weight.