Consequently, the armed forces were heavily segregated. African-Americans were often given the most menial jobs, and were barred from enlisting in certain branches of the military like the Marines or the Air Corps. Still, one million, two hundred thousand African-Americans fought in the Second World War (Jim Crow 1). And in doing so, they proved once and for all that black Americans deserved a chance to fight for their country. Among these soldiers were the Tuskegee Airmen, the first ever black fighter pilots.
The Tuskegee Airmen fought in two wars one against overseas enemies, and one against racism within the American military. Rudy Leon is the secretary of defense and gave a speech on their achievements in aviation. "Together the Tuskegee Airmen and the Organization of Black Airline Pilots have much to be proud of, and it's wonderful to come here and be reminded of how much you've accomplished in schools, in communities, and for the young men and women who serve in uniform, and to see how much energy and enthusiasm you are bringing to your new endeavors." (de Leon) The Airman were awarded for their achievements in ethnicity, and attitudes among races.They were involved in many military organization such as armorers, bombardiers, engineers, navigators, and maintenance and supply personnel. The airman fought two wars, one against overseas enemies, and one against racism within the American military.
The Tuskegee Airmen, also commonly referred to as Red Tails, were a group of African-American pilots who fought in World War II. These airmen were renowned for their fight against racial prejudices through their exploits in WWII. Despite of their struggles against racism they managed to prove whites mindsets wrong with their great achievements such as, never losing a single bomber under their escort to enemy fighters. Regardless of their skill, these black aviators returned to their country to find white attitudes were unchanged and joined another battle in pursuit of desegregating their military. Booker T. Washington’s philosophy of peaceful, but persistent confrontation, influenced the way Tuskegee Airmen’s challenge to confront racial barriers within the American military.
Before I get to the great life of Charles McGee, I will provided some background information on the Tuskegee Airmen. As mentioned earlier, the Tuskegee Airmen were an all African American group of fighter pilots, navigators, mechanics, and flight instructors. They helped the United States win World War II, with their flying and shooting down of enemy planes. Blacks were not allowed to fly prior to 1940. Wanting change civil rights groups fought for blacks to be able to fly in the military.
One of the first groups that come to mind when people think of African-Americans in World War II is the Tuskegee Airmen. The Tuskegee Airmen were a group of all African-American fighters who led the charge for equal rights of all races in World War II. They were the first African-Americans... ... middle of paper ... ...en << Red Tail Squadron Red Tail Squadron.” Rd Tail Squadron. Accessed March 29, 2014. http://www.redtail.org/the-airmen-a-brief-history/. “Training for War < “War Record << Red Tail Squadron Red Tail Squadron.” Red Tail Squadron.
Ericson, Joe and Ernest Wallace. Constitution of 1876. Texas State Historical Association, 12 June 2010. Web. 26 April 2014.
Colonel Walter McCreary and Colonel Elmer Jones were there to share the spotlight they deserved. They left a lasting legacy to aviators and support personnel. In his book "Lonely Eagles", Dr. Robert A. Rose tells there story of America’s black pilots in World War II. The book is a story of true patriotism, remarkable combat skills.
For African Americans, however, this exciting new realm of flying remained off-limits from the consequence of racial discrimination. Many African Americans displayed a keen interest in the new air age, but found themselves routinely barred from getting training as pilots or mechanics. This pattern of racial bias became enshrined in the elite Army Air Corps with blacks being denied on racial grounds. Beginning in the 1920s, a small and widely scattered group of black air enthusiasts challenged this prevailing pattern of racial discrimination. With no small amount of effort and against formidable odds, they gained their pilots licenses and acquired the technical skills to become aircraft mechanics.