Transportation: The Side Effects Of Transportation And The Environment

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Transportation is one of the basic necessities of human civilization. If there is no transportation on land, sea, or air, there may not be communication between human beings on this planet. But there are also side effects of transportation, which includes pollution. Pollution means the harmful wastes produced by humans which damage our environment in many ways.
The fast population growth rate of humans means that the necessity for transportation vehicles is also enormously increasing. Studies have shown that in 1999 the worldwide number of vehicles registered was 700 million. From this huge number of vehicles, the US has a large share, which includes 200 million cars and light trucks. The number of cars worldwide also grew three times faster
Competition for good things like public health, making the earth safe to live are positive aspects of competition, but global competition can also have a downside concerning the environment. This is true for the production of vehicles, as companies are coming with designs and new models with improved engines, but fuel consumption and the pollution of the air remains the same. In addition to the concerns about car manufacturing and driving, we should also consider the impact of construction areas where new houses are being built, with many truck with loads going across the country. This is an important contribution to pollution, which creates both air and noise pollution. Japan and Europe auto manufacturing based in US has recently involved activities to improve fuel efficiency of their vehicles. The European car makers planned to design a new engine and at same time to develop long distance vehicles. The autos made in Europe, for example Daimler Chrysler, recently came out with a new product which is a vehicle with 3 liters per hour, and also a diesel engine, which consumes 3.4 liters of fuel per 100
With this new idea both the auto makers and their suppliers have created a centralized body of authority in order to promote this increasing environmental issue to all under the protection of USCAR (United states council for automobile research) and in addition (USAMPILCA) These groups introduced the rule that US mid size vehicles must list the entire components within and materials type and mass must also be identified.

In order to justify the government reaction, the necessary data has been taken for clarity, and tangible control for the effect of emission on the environment is also underway.

It is clear that the US consumption of polluting substances like lead, platinum and rubber has dropped due to improvements in the environmental friendliness of auto manufacturing, since these materials have been in use for cars since the 1950s. By replacing materials with those of a lower density has also made an important impact on fuel economy. Studies show that making 10% reduction in mass yields 5% improvement in fuel economy. Indeed, the US automakers in the last 25 years have responded to the government regulations Corporate Average Fuel Economy by changing materials to lighter ones like aluminum and plastics. Newer developments using other components like Magnesium, polymer composites, and ceramics also are helping to make further improvements to fuel

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