Transformational Leadership Case Study

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1.1 Background of the Study
Leadership is an important factor in managing change in organizations (Sarros & Santora, 2001). Leadership is one of the most vital success factors in organization (Murphy & Ensher, 2008). At any time in history of any community, there has always been a great leader and leadership has always been practiced (Leech & Fulton, 2008). For all successful organizations, there has been an effective leader who is able to mobilize all the resources in the organization to achieve its goals (Malusu, 2003). Schools, like other organizations, require effective leadership to achieve their goals (Barnet, McCormick & Conners, 2001). In an educational system, a principal as the coordinator of all educational and training activities
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He defined a transforming leader as one who engages with followers in an effort to transcend self interest for the sake of the team. According to Burns as cited in Antokas, Avolio and Sivasubramaniam (20003), transformational leadership can be seen when leaders and followers make each other to advance to higher levels of morality and motivation (Antokas et al., 2003). According to Northouse (2001), transformational leadership is the ability to get people to want to change, improve, and be led. It involves assessing students ' motives, satisfying their needs, and valuing them. But according to Chew and Chan (2008), transformational leadership is the leader’s ability to increase organizational members’ commitment, capacity, and engagement in meeting goals. Alimo-metcalfe and Alban–metcalfe (2001) note that transformational leadership exist when a leader identifies the needed change, creates a vision to guide the change through inspiration, and executes the change with the commitment of the members of the group. In the opinion of Bass and Riggio (2006), transformational leadership involves generating a vision for the organization and inspiring followers to meet the challenges that it sets. while views may vary, they generally agree on generating a vision and inspiring followers, which unlike in other leadership approaches, is based on a leader’s personality, traits and ability to make change through example, articulation of an energizing vision and challenging goals (Riggio,
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