Trait Theory And Psychoanalytic Theory

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This week’s study takes us to examine the Trait Theory and The Psychoanalytic Theory. Both theories have weaknesses and strengths. Both theories explain personality. The strengths of the trait theory are it gives the ability to categorized observable behavior. It gives an objectivity criterion for categorizing and measuring behavior. Another words it gives general guidelines to be utilized to categorize and measure behavior. The trait approach has long history of research, traditional and significant research that support the pervious data. Another strength is that the trait theory on only the leader and analysis very thoroughly this component in the leadership process. The trait theory has present researchers with some benchmarks for what…show more content…
Allport accepted from the start that there were limitations with his theory. Behavior is influenced by a variety of environmental factors and recognized that traits are not useful for predicting what a single individual will do (Burger, 2015 p. 155). Two approaches were nomothetic approach (assume people can be described along a single dimension according to their level of for example, anxiety or assertiveness) and the idiographic approach (identifies the unique combination of traits that best acconts for the personality of a single…show more content…
The Thematic appreciation test was called personology identifies needs as the key elements of personality (Burger, 2015). One of the best theorist in the world is Sigmund Freud. Freud created the Psychoanalytic Theory. The topographic model contains the conscious which deals with the ideas and thoughts you are aware of. The preconscious is retrievable data. The unconscious is material that cannot be retrieved that easily. Freud also created the concept of id, ego, supper ego. IN the structural model the id is only concerned with bring instant gratification. The ego is the level of personality that considers external reality while meditating between the demand of the id and superego. “Super ego in the contractual model is the part of personality that represents society’s values” (Burger, 2015 p. 44) Freud also created the Psychosexual states of Development. Adult personality that was influenced by childhood experiences, Oral Stage till 18 months-mouth, lips, tongue are the erogenous zones that give a baby pleasure. 18 months to 3 years-anal stage. If potty training is not a positive experience many grown people become

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