The United States were pushing the Cherokee tribe to become civilized. Many Cherokee Indians were against the civilization because they did not fully trust the United States, or its government. The Cherokee leader, Young Wolf, did not listen to those against civilization and chose to embrace civilization with the United States. The goal of embracing the civilization was to keep the land the Cherokee had, east of the Mississippi River. This plan seemed as if it could only help the Cherokee, but in fact it hurt them because of the greed of the United States to have all the land to themselves.
Even though the Cherokees had successfully appealed to the Executive, Legislative and Judicial governments Georgia continues to rob them of their laws government and land rights. The Cherokee people petitioned to the government of the United States to fulfill their promises and protect them and all they were given for a response was that the United States could not interfere. Even though I believe the Cherokee Nation had to fight for their sovereignty none of the choices available to them would have provided them with a good resolution. The white people really did not want them to assimilate because they feared them and considered them uncivilized. Moving freely to unknown lands would have been very difficult.
Then in 1830 the congress passed A Indian removal act that directed the Executive branch to make an agreement for Indian lands. The court’s decision was refused by President Jackson plus the legal technicalities, so the Cherokees seemed to... ... middle of paper ... ...ans. Then there was the forming of the general policy. Plus there was the states right issue and the disagreement with Georgia and the federal government. Which then there was the Indians being forced by the American West to plains and valleys of American into reservations.
As a result, the settlers wanted the government to force Native Americans to leave. Blackburn points out. “The Cherokee, which white Americans called one of the Five Civilized Tribes, considered themselves American and wanted to join the growing country as participating members” (Blackburn 53). The Cherokees made the biggest effort to live in peace, but the Europeans refused to let them stay. Secondly, Native American tribes had to walk over 900 miles just to find new homes.
Americans saw the Revolution as an opportunity to "complete the process of dispossessing Indians of their rich lands." (Foner, 230&231) Indians could not enjoy the freedoms that were granted to white males after the Revolution. They were not able to work, participate in politics, or freely practice their religion. Although the Revolution was a significant blow to the Native Americans, it wouldn’t be the last event that would alter their ways of life. From the end of the American Revolution to 1865, Native Americans would continue to be forced off their lands and be forced to give up their old ways of life and assimilate to American culture.
The Southerns were worried about their everyday lives being altered by the abolishing of slavery. The Missouri Comprise made all the new territories free states, meaning the Southern slave states would soon be outnumbered in congress. Another of the South's reason for succession was their fear of an economic collapse due to the abolishment ... ... middle of paper ... ...ion spies the Merrimack would have gone on a spree of sinking Union ships. The Merrimack was supposed to be a war winner for the confederates until the Union made their own, in the end "The Merrimack" was self destructed so the Union could not get it. The Confederate Army had many pieces that all came together for one grand army.
The East Coast was burdened with new settlers and becoming vastly populated. President Andrew Jackson and the government had to find a way to move people to the West to make room. In 1830, a new state law said that the Cherokees would be under the jurisdiction of state rather than federal law. This meant that the Indians now had little, if any, protection against the white settlers that desired their land. However, when the Cherokees brought their case to the Supreme Court, they were told that they could not sue on the basis that they were not a foreign nation.
Governmental action made “The Trail of Tears” despicable because of greed and partiality. In 1829, the white settlers in Georgia began an almost religious crusade to remove the Cherokee Indians from their land. The Georgia government refused to recognize the Cherokee government that had been started by John Ross and John Ridge: John Ross represented the vast majority of the Cherokee Nation and had their complete support. He wanted to deed a portion of the land to the United States for an amount of money to be determined by Congress with the rest of the land deeded to the Cherokee owners. The deal was that the United States and the Georgia government recognize Cherokee citizenship, including the right to vote and hold political office.
The reaction among Indian tribes clearly shows that the Indians felt the forced relocation was a violation of their rights; the response by the Americans reveals their unethical tactics used to take away the Native Americans’ rights. The Cherokee and the Seminole, two groups of the Five Civilized Tribes who were both affected greatly, chose to react in different ways, contrasting deeply from the other affected groups. The Cherokee resisted the removal of their tribe by using the governmental laws. Georgia planned for their removal in order to collect the gold found on their land. In 1830, Georgia wanted to regain control of the Cherokee.
This day started with all the same good intentions of those today but ended with only a few Native Americans signing the treaty which allowing for the removal of all Indian peoples to the west of the Mississippi River. ( Brill, The Trail of tears: The Cherokee journey from home.) The Choctaw were told that the Americans in Washington cared little for the situation. They wanted the Choctaw moved on their own, or by military force. The Indians were believed to be ignorant savages, but they were industrious farmers, merchants, and businessmen of all types.