During his presidency many legal issues came about when he did not follow the treaties made by the National Government with the Cherokee Nations. Perhaps the most controversial element of Jackson’s presidency was his strategy regarding Cherokees, which involved a mass filtering of ethnic groups. Jackson was a great supporter of a policy known as Indian removal. The movement of the Cherokee Indians was also known as the ‘Trail of Tears’, which was one of the saddest events in the history of United States, where thousands of Cherokees were stripped of their land in Georgia and were forced to march across the nation in search of a new home. Many tribes and portions of tribes had been removed to Arkansas Territory and further west of the Mississippi River as they suffered tragedy and a mass loss in numbers.
The Cherokee clashed with American government and did not willfully move out of their homelands in the southeastern parts of the United States. Although the Americans had substantial reasons why they wanted the Cherokee’s territory, they had no right to kick the Indians out of their homeland. There were many events that lead up to and caused the Trail of Tears. One of the main reasons that the U.S. wanted the Cherokee’s land was to open eastern lands to European American immigrants (Bertolet). During the 1820’s, as the eastern population grew, southern states urged the federal government to remove Indians from their lands.
By 1835, most eastern tribes had unwillingly complied and moved west. The Bureau of Indian Affairs was created in 1836 to help out the resettled tribes. Most Cherokees rejected the settlement of 1835, which provided land in the Indian territory. It was not until 1838, after Jackson had left office, that the U.S. Army forced 15,000 Cherokees to leave Georgia. The hardships on the “trail of tears” were so great that over 4,000 Cherokees died on their heartbreaking westward journey.
These problems caused them to be driven from their homes then being put into internment camps, and then being forcefully moved to a strange land. The situation of the Cherokee got more complicated after the States Rights issue and a long fight between the federal government and Georgia. Such as, Georgia ceding its western lands were they wanted all titles of land that was heard by Indians to be extinguishing, but this did not happen because the Cherokees were certified by a treaty. When gold was found on Cherokee land the effort of removing them from their lands was increased. Then in 1830 the congress passed A Indian removal act that directed the Executive branch to make an agreement for Indian lands.
Known as the Trail of Tears, the Cherokees would start their tragic journey to Indian Territory in which thousands of Indians would die along the way and soon after their arrival due to illnesses or violent encounters. The Cherokee Indian Removal was not only cruel but injustice, the Cherokees shouldn’t have ceded their lands because before the removal they attempted to be “civilized” by the Americans giving up their cultural and religious beliefs and the federal government by treaty had to protect Indians from any state oppressions. After the American Revolution the new federal government gave the Cherokees the opportunity to leave their savage lives to pursue the one of a common American. President Thomas Jefferson encouraged the Indians to increase their numbers by giving up on pursuing deer and buffalo focusing on cultivating their own lands and having a stable sedentary lifestyle. Jefferson stated, Adopt the culture of the earth and raise domestic animals; you see how from a small family you may become a great nation by adopting the course which from the small beginning you describe has made us a great nation.
One of these sagas is known as the “Trail of Tears”. This relates to the removal of the Cherokee Indians by the U.S. Army from their native lands in North Carolina, Georgia, Tennessee and Alabama. During the journey they were held in camps and then forced to travel over 1,000 miles during adverse weather. This trail led them to the Indian Territory, which is now Oklahoma. This was a catalyst towards the devastation of the American Indian culture... ... middle of paper ... ...mises such as owning their land “as long waters run and the grass shall grow.” The Indians would have continued to live "until the end of time" if the white settlers had not intervened.
However, it was recently calculated that the removal may have cost the Cherokee over 10,000 lives; lives that may have been saved if they would have stayed put. The Trail of Tears had a horrible effect on the Cherokee. The American government forced them out of their homeland so that they could use the land. Historian Richard White put it the best when he said “The Cherokee are probably the most tragic instance of what could have succeeded in American Indian policy and didn’t. All these things that Americans would proudly see as the hallmarks of civilization are going to the west by Indian people.
From the end of the American Revolution to 1865, Native Americans would continue to be forced off their lands and be forced to give up their old ways of life and assimilate to American culture. After the American Revolution, rules had to be established for the settlement of the national domain. This domain included the western boundaries of the current states and stretched to the Mississippi River. This region was inhabited by some 100,000 Indians. In the aftermath of the Revolution, Congress decided that, by aiding the British during the war, the Indians had “forfeited the right to their lands.” In addition, “little distinction was made among the tribes that had sided with the enemy, those that had aided the patriots, and those in the interior that had played no part in the war at all.” At peace conferences at Fort Stanwix, Americans demanded and were granted Indian land north of the Ohio River.
Up until white settlement, Native Americans in the southeastern United States lived an undisturbed and peaceful life. In the early 1830s, their ancestral land was stripped away from them by foreign colonists rushing to claim land and gold, causing a forced migration of the Native Americans away from their homelands (“Trail of Tears”, n.d.). This traumatic historical event is known as the Trail of Tears, and stands as one of the most deadly and inconsolable acts in American history involving Native Americans. Almost 17,000 Cherokee Indians along with multiple other tribes in the southeastern region were forced to move to a specific territory, far away from their own farms, lands, and homes due to the white settlers and their desire to search
The tragedy of the Cherokee nation has haunted the legacy of Andrew Jackson"'"s Presidency. The events that transpired after the implementation of his Indian policy are indeed heinous and continually pose questions of morality for all generations. Ancient Native American tribes were forced from their ancestral homes in an effort to increase the aggressive expansion of white settlers during the early years of the United States. The most notable removal came after the Indian Removal Act of 1830. The Cherokee, whose journey was known as the '"'Trail of Tears'"', and the four other civilized tribes, Chickasaw, Choctaw, Creek and Seminole, were forced to emigrate to lands west of the Mississippi River, to what is now day Oklahoma, against their will.