Both of these men engaged in fighting for freedom but the approaches were contrasting. In Martin Luther King’s “I Have a Dream” speech, King declares his belief in non-violence to be the answer. In “The Black Revolution”, Malcolm X wants the common black man to demand his freedom and his rights. While the goal of these two human activists are essentially the same, the usage of the different rhetorical devices display different strategies that can be used to provoked a social movement to change the world. The usage of a central metaphor, along with the repetition of words and an appeal to a higher authority, exists in both of these speeches but have a different effect because of the way they are used.
After the assassination of Martin Luther King Jr., which was more than 40 years ago, America as a whole has changed racial segregation, and becoming a more integrated society. During the era when King was a preacher, it was not an easy time for any black American. Slavery was coming to an end, but segregation was still alienating all races except whites. Many townships in the south still had old ways of thinking like white men should be in power to keep the evil of Injustice alive. Thanks to the help of Martin Luther King’s views and “goals for blacks to have freedom all over this nation because the goal of America is freedom” (King 222).
King’s goal was not to defeat or humiliate the whites, but to win their friendship, Kings nonviolent methods of protest helped him achieve this goal. Americans needed Martin Luther King Jr., but above all, America needed him. With his constant pursuit for equality, Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. helped bridge the gap between African Americans and whites. His nonviolent methods of protest helped create an awareness of the inequalities that African Americans had to endure. King helped America realize that it needed to change in order to truly prosper.
With the establishment of the fifteenth amendment extending the vote to black men and not women friction was created between the two causes and greatly split them. “Douglass claimed that it was the “negro hour” and their rights had to be secured first.” ( Huggins, 121). Fredrick Douglass did not reach his ultimate goal of “ racial equality.” This is because society was not ready to accept and think of blacks as equals. Racism was deeply rooted within American society. America had always been a nation where white American men believed they were superior; they were pragmatic and highly invested in the ideology of “manifest destiny.” They wanted to limit any possibility of their power to be taken away.
The prejudice this nation faces now and has faced for years is racial oppression and segregation. Martin Luther King had a dream. He didn’t want people to be” judged by the color of their skin, but the content of their character”. He was determined that his dream would become a reality, and in most ways it did. The rights of the people are now equal.
After his speech, “African Americans embraced Washington as their champion and adopted his autobiography, up from slavery as their guide to better future” (570). On the other hand, there were many people who disagreed with Washington’s view on freedom. One of them was W.E.B. Du Bois who demanded immediate equality for black people. According to Du Bois, he claimed that “ideas not slogans, principles not personalities were essential to the eradication of the many forms of bigotry and inequality that had perverted what he called “the ideal of human brotherhood” in America” (686).
Unfortunately, situations like slavery and the many decades of inequality towards African Americans occurred. It took the majority a long time to consider both unacceptable. Martin Luther King faced the decision of not accepting unjust laws or waiting for the rest of the U.S. to unders... ... middle of paper ... ...inorities and African Americans. The arguments and fights led by Thoreau and King were more than just fights against inequality. They were lessons.
This is why ... ... middle of paper ... ... same thing for blacks, first-class citizenship, but their methods for obtaining it differed. Because of the interest in immediate goals contained in Washington’s economic approach, whites did not realize that he anticipated the complete acceptance and integration of Negroes into American life. He believed blacks, starting with so little, would have to begin at the bottom and work up gradually to achieve positions of power and responsibility before they could demand equal citizenship—even if it meant temporarily assuming a position of inferiority. DuBois understood Washington’s program, but believed that it was not the solution to the “race problem.” Blacks should study the liberal arts, and have the same rights as white citizens. Blacks, DuBois believed, should not have to sacrifice their constitutional rights in order to achieve a status that was already guaranteed.
Everyone can change the world and become an important part of history. Those who think they can change the world are often the ones who do. Civil Rights activists Martin Luther King Jr., and Human rights activist and American Muslim, Malcolm X are two great examples of people who thought they could make a difference in the world, and eventually did. The two both wanted to change things, but in two different ways. Martin Luther King used peaceful protests to accomplish his goal.
Since he could not believe that the average Southern white man had any desire to help the Negro, Du Bois could see no future in the South for the ambitious young people of his race. Directly contradicting Washington's counsel, Du Bois urged them to go North for freedom and advancement. He encouraged urban migration at every turn, believing that the "country represented oppression and serfdom," while the "city represented opportunity." It is very clear to see that their experiences were different and this is very important in understanding how they saw the future of the race. But it's also important to keep in mind that for both of them, race uplift was the central key.