The Civil Rights Movement of the mid-Twentieth century was the paramount force in the battle for racial and civil equality for African Americans in our nation today. Throughout the history of our nation, the fight for racial equality and civil rights has been a continuing struggle for African Americans. Despite the importance of equality to the precepts of our nation, slavery and inequality were not only tolerated but also accepted as a necessary component of the agrarian economy of the South until 1865. During the Twentieth century, after more than a century of inequality and unjust laws aimed at the disenfranchisement and segregation of African Americans, a concerted effort for equality was set in motion. A movement occurred during the mid 1950’s and throughout the 1960’s, fittingly known as the Civil Rights Movement, meant to provide everyone with the rights they so deserved. The segregation and disenfranchisement, along with the violence that African Americans suffered at the hands of white supremacists, had succeeded to silence an entire race of Americans. It was during the Civil Rights Movement that individuals began to stand up for their rights and a national spotlight was placed on the violence and overall treatment that African Americans faced in the United States. Separate but equal would no longer be accepted.
The Supreme Court case, Brown v. Board of Education, set the stage for the Civil Rights Movement. The case was part of a long-range legal strategy of Charles Houston, chief legal counsel for the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People which was started in 1909 by W. E. B. Du Bois. Houston’s strategy involved first establishing precedents in professional and graduate schools. Once victories...
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