Historians offer different perceptions of the significance of Martin Luther King and the 1963 March on Washington. Without examining this event within its historical context the media publicity and iconic ‘I Have a Dream’ speech can easily overshadow progress that was already underway in America. It was insisted by prominent civil rights activist Ella Baker, ‘the movement made Martin rather than Martin making the movement.’ What is important not to overlook is the significant change that took place in the United States during the previous 100 years. Such that, many influential figures in support of racial equality opposed the March. The Civil Rights Act proposed by President Kennedy in 1963 was already in the legislative process. Furthermore the Federal Government was now reasserting power over the entire of the United States by enforcing a policy of desegregation. It is important to note that these changes all took place less than one hundred years after the Thirteenth Amendment in 1965 abolished slavery, and the Fourteenth amendment in 1968 acknowledged the rights of former slaves to be acknowledged as U.S citizens. With this level of progress Kennedy was against the March going ahead due to the argument that it was limited in what it could achieve. Today, King’s 1963 Speech is viewed as one of the most iconic speeches in history. However, was it a key turning point in African Americans achieving racial equality? Federal endorsement would suggest yes after decades of southern states being able to subvert the Federal law designed to break down segregation. This support built upon the corner stones of the Thirteenth and Fourteenth amendments in the nineteenth century. Therefore looking at the national status of black Americans fro...
The investigation assesses whose leadership had a lasting impact on the Civil Rights Movement, between Martin Luther King Jr. and Malcolm X. And the different lifestyles that MLK and Malcolm X lived as children to adults. In order to evaluate whose leadership had a lasting impact, the investigation evaluates their two contrasting philosophies and approaches to raising public awareness about the problem of inequality. Both Malcolm X and MLK’s role is investigated in the Civil Rights Era, during the African-American struggle for equality and freedom, and also examines how they have impacted present-day America. Elaborate speeches, boycotts, and marches carried out for the Civil Rights Movement, in both the past and present-day, are mostly used
African American women have a long history of being political activists. African American foremothers, such as: Frances E.W. Harper, Maria Stewart, Sarah Mapps Douglass, Sarah Parker Remond, Harriet Jacobs, Mary Ann Shadd Cary, and Ida B. Wells were fighting for racial, social, and gender equality since slavery and the Emancipation Proclamation. Whether it is in print culture or in public culture, African American women have continuously protested the treatment of African Americans and women in America. Yet, the presence of women (especially African American women) were not welcomed in America’s public domain. In fact, it deviated from acceptable gender roles. Women on the public stage receiving spotlight for their resistance against social
Women perform significant roles in the community. In most instances, the important role played by women in specific events is normally ignored. It is imperative that every effort that a person puts in the achievement of a common good gets appreciated. Fannie Lou Hamer and Septima Clark are some of the women that played a major role many activist movements in the United States . According to Dingemans, (2015, p 2) “she states that women have played a pivotal role in fighting for racial justice.” Both of them lived in the 20th century. This paper will critically analyze the two women to determine the critical role they played in activist movements during their time and the impact they had.
Malcom X played a huge role in being the leader of this movement in giving various speeches and traveling around the world. Traveling to Cuba, Malcom X even showed Fidel Castro what African Americans were going through in the United States compared to the African Americans of Cuba in which racial segregation over there was non existent. Of course Malcom X was criticized by many as an extremist as he made the U.S look bad, causing the government to start taking action. The thought of racial superiority was a big part of Malcom’s philosophy and it would later influence gender superiority. Like the Civil Rights Movement, the Women’s Rights Movement had both middle ground people that fought for equality and extremist who believed that women were superior to men. Many people know about Rosa Parks and her refusal to give her seat up to a white man. Not only was it an outrage at that time because of racial differences but also gender inequality. She was not only a key participant of the Civil Rights Movement but she was also part of the Women’s Rights Movement. Although she wasn’t an extremist she fought for both gender and racial equality. The positive outcome of her bravery representing the progression of equality led her to be iconic in both
On January 15, 1929, Alberta Williams King gave birth to Martin Luther King Jr. in Atlanta,
Martin Luther King Jr. was an American Baptist Minister , activist , humanitarian , and leader of the Civil Rights Movements in the 1960s. He was one of the most beloved and hated man of time. A public speech was written about him called , “ I Have a Dream”. The speech was written for many different things, one of the main reason, was to end racism. Racism and slavery caused blacks and whites not to get along together. That’s when the Civil Right Movement occurred because of the separation between the race. Whites was more control of blacks during the Civil Rights Movement, they treated them bad, beated them, allowed them to go in certain stores, schools, and etc. King hated that blacks and whites didn’t get along, so he wrote a speech and
There were many people involved in the Civil Rights Movement: some had more of an impact than others. The main places, events or people that were the most important can be argued but Martin Luther King Jr., Rosa Park, bus boycotts and sit-ins were definitely the main influence on the start of the Civil Rights movement.
Martin Luther King Jr. has put an everlasting effect on our rights.He always resolved something with peace.He will forever be in our memory as a sign of peace.He was a pastor at a southern baptist church in Georgia.From all of his peaceful protests to his “I Have A Dream” speech,he is a remarkable figure in our nation’s history.Our nation is this way now because of his effect on civil rights and inspirational speeches.
Martin Luther King Jr's Impact on the Civil Rights Movement
Martin Luther King's 'I Have a Dream' speech directly contributed to the Civil Rights movement. While delivering his speech at a kairotic moment, King tells us how blacks have been serving an injustice and that they should be treated equally.
Much had transpired before the speech was delivered. As civil rights protests spread throughout the nation, King continued to combine peaceful methods of protest and his theological training to work towards the hope of equal rights for blacks (Kauffeld and Lefrd, 1989). During this time, blacks were not treated equally and were often denied service.