It is important that one obtain the knowledge of both attributes because it can help individuals understand and recognize the different attitudes and behavior of other cultures. Although each attribute has its own advantages and disadvantages, they do share some similarities; and are believed to be the opposite of each other. However, for one to understand the full concept of individualism; one must first have an understanding of collectivism. The concept of both, individualism and collectivism involves the aspects in which individuals live their lives in today’s society. Therefore, the idea of each attribute is to help one understand the difference between individual thinking and collective thinking from a cultural perspective.
ISBN 978–0-07-340525-4 Willoughby, Pamela R. International Journal of Comparative Psychology. 2005, Vol. 18 Issue 1, p60-90. 31p., Database: Academic Search Premier Tattersall, Ian. (2000, January 1) Once We Were Not Alone.
Psychonomic Bulletin & Review, 8, 365–371. Sarıbay, S. A., & Andersen, S. M. (2007). Relational to collective: Significant-other representations, ethnic categories, and intergroup perceptions. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 33, 1714-1726. Skagerberg, E. M., & Wright, D. B.
John Heywood once said, “Two minds are better than one”, and this just may be true when people need the best solution to a problem. In Suroweicki’s book, The Wisdom of Crowds, he expresses a common belief that if a group is working towards a mutual goal, than their results will by far surpass those of a single individual. The Law of Averages helps determine a group’s ability to collaborate its ideas into a single outcome, which confirms how Surowiecki’s ideas that a larger group of people can provide many accurate predictions. Throughout his book, Surowiecki discusses how predictions and probability are some of the many key ingredients to achieving good results (10). Similarly, the Law of Averages states that groups will predict the correct outcome after a series of trial and error, which supports Surowiecki’s ideas.
The Anxiety/Uncertainty Management Theory According to William B. Gudykunst in his article "A Model of Uncertainty Reduction in Intercultural Encounters," the uncertainty reduction theory explains initial interactions between two strangers from the same culture. Studies, however, suggest this theory can also be extended to interpersonal communication between two people from different cultures. Uncertainty refers to how well you can accurately predict how strangers will behave during their initial interaction and the ability to explain the strangers' behavior. Research on uncertainty reduction theory has been limited to attitude similarity. However, it has been argued that in order to understand the influence of similarity on interpersonal relations, research must examine cultural similarity/dissimilarity also.
Accessed at < http://wilderdom.com/psychology/loc/LocusOfControlWhatIs.html> on April 1 2010. Rotter, J. (1966). Generalized Expectancies for Internal versus External Control of Reinforcements. Psychological Monographs, 80, Whole No.
Is Ethnography a Suitable method for Research on Residential Satisfaction and Community Participation. Ethnography within its wider field of research is described as the study of people’s behaviour in terms of social contexts, with emphasis on interaction in everyday situations (Lindsay, 1997). It is further defined as research that constitutes the art and science of describing a group or culture (Fetterman, 1989). However, the specific definition that will be used throughout this work, is that of its role within qualitative research, which is summarised by Wainwright (1997) in his paper in The Qualitative Report, stating that ethnography can be distinguished as: “...the attempt to obtain an in-depth understanding of the meanings and ‘definitions of the situation’ presented by informants, rather than the quantitative ‘measurement’ of their characteristics or behaviour'; pp1. The technique of ethnography is a holistic approach, in order to achieve a complete and comprehensive picture of a social group (Fetterman, 1989).
37, no. 4, 512-526 Froggio, G, Zamaro, N and Lori, M 2009 ‘Exploring the Relationship between Strain and Some Neutralization Techniques’ SAGE publications, vol. 6, no. 1, pp. 73–88 Peretti-Watel, P 2003, ‘British Journal of Sociology’, Routledge Journals, Taylor & Francis Ltd Vol.
References Anderson, N. H. (1971). Integration theory and attitude change. Psychological Review, 78, 171- 206. Anderson, N. H. (1982). Methods of information integration theory (p. XVIII, 444 S.).
The question ‘who am I?’ raises speculations about who we are as human beings and why we behave the way we do. This is of great interest to social psychologists. One particular theory about this social identity is that it is not fixed or innate but that it is something that changes over time and is constructed through our social interactions with other people. This essay will explicate the idea of socially constructed identities and consider the evidence for and against this view with examples of research studies from both social constructionism (Phoenix, 2007) and Social Identity Theory (SIT) (Turner and Brown, 1978). Here, the term ‘identity’ refers to the individual personality (behavioural and characteristic) of a person.