While in the future Aristotelian physics would turn out to be completely incorrect, his original ideas and theories were critical for developing modern science as we know it today. However, it was not until humanity accepted the flaws in Aristotelian physics that science made any progress toward finally understanding the universe. While Aristotelian physics was completely wrong in a multitude of ways, it was still needed to form a basis of the modern method of discovery. Furthermore, the majority of theories in the history of science are incorrect at first. Historically, this has been the method of progress in the sciences.
Yet we never stopped struggling to reach out for the ultimate truth. In order for us to become closer to it, we classified the “truth” in many ways. Some of the ways to approach the “truth” are through math and science, art or our personal beliefs that we hold to be the “truth” even though that they vary among individuals. The “truth” in terms of individual’s opinions, thoughts or interpretations is very unique and personal, therefore, it only holds for that person. What one beliefs to be “right” or the “truth” is found within that person and it only holds for her/him.
However, treating the scientific method as the only method towards a lasting solution for all problems and puzzles in the world does not tell us much about what it means for something to be a science. IR and those aiming to solve issues that make us interconnected with the rest of the world, have a much greater responsibility than normal sciences to practice its discipline and clearly define its goals because all of humanity is stake.
Each has undeniably gaping flaws which cause the theory to fail in giving an explanation of the truth. Take, for example, the correspondence theory which states a truth must correspond to a fact. First, we must define what fact is. Perhaps one definition is something that can be physically verified and always be the case. What, then, of moral truths?
In this case, a convincing theory is the one that has more arguments to support its validity than arguments that oppose. As stated before in the definition, theories are never completely true. So we ask ourselves, why do we consider some theories as completely accurate? One possible reason for this is the scientific method in which these theories are tested, this methods are co... ... middle of paper ... ...understand both its positive and negative aspects. This is the way in which we understand what is it of both natural and human science theories that might make them convincing to certain people and why is it that some are considered as facts even if they are only bare theories.
An interest in science does not necessarily mean that a person is smart. Instead, the real requirements of science are that a person is both curious and capable of thinking critically - the light and the lighthouse, respectively. It is these two factors that help form effective scientists who are capable of all the tedious experimentation and evidence gathering that precedes drawing valid conclusions - something that I believe to be true of myself. "Information is not knowledge," is a famous quote from Einstein that perfectly illustrates why critical thinking is a scientific prerequisite. The ability to question and discern whether a claim is true by a reasoned process lies at the heart of turning information into something more.
It is about gaining deeper and deeper understanding of the physical world. Although science is definitely a method of obtaining knowledge, when it comes to explaining the universe and human experience, it has both strengths and weaknesses in comparison to other explanations such as art and religion. The major strength of science is that it has uncertainty and skepticism. Science never claims to be hundred percent accurate. There is always some degree of ambiguity and probability in science.
With science, we understand that it is solely based on observation. The theories and phenomenon that we know of today are solely from observation. Without this characteristic, we wouldn’t have an understanding on the universe and reality. Another characteristic that is quite important in science is that science is open to falsification. Scientists understand that they want to find the truth with different phenomenon.
Also, being able to demarcate between science and non science and pseudo science is part of being scientifically literate, to not only be able to read and understand scientific findings and journals but to be able to critically distinguish between valid, trustworthy findings and theories or ideas presented in a scientific format without actually adhering to the scientific method and other requirements for scientific research. Demarcation between science and non-science or pseudo science is particularly important in scientific education, as it determines, for almost every member of our society, what they will accept as true regarding science, particularly creationism and evolution. Having public ... ... middle of paper ... ...owever I do not agree with his views on how to look at theories once they are falsified, when a theory is proven to vague or has a discrepancy with the paradigm its currently in, I do not concede that the theory should always be thrown out, perhaps it should be revisited and evaluated to adapt to the problem, puzzle solve as Kuhn's principle describes, explore science objectively, not in the shadow of the preset laws of a paradigm, solving the puzzles that appear within a theory and treating them as authentic, taking seriously the possibly of the new theory being correct and the taking advantage of the ability to challenge and old paradigm. Works Cited Jerry Bergman. "Acts and Facts."
How do people assume something to be true although they have not seen, measured, or tested the very idea themselves? How do the sciences use theories in order to convince populations everywhere? In order to begin, I will discuss key words featured in the title. The word ‘theory’ is especially important since it can denote different meanings in the natural sciences and the human sciences, while encompassing other areas of knowledge as well. Some well- known theories may be the Pythagorean Theorem and the Big Bang Theory.