Theories Of Strategic Family Therapy

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Strategic family therapy is when the therapist initiated most of what happens during a therapy session and designs an approach for each problem that comes up. To be a successful strategic therapist a person should identify problems that can be solved, set goals for the course of therapy, design interventions or tools to meet those goals, and take client’s responses into consideration. Strategic family therapy is really a combination of a few family therapy models Strategic family therapy developed from the communications theory which evolved from MRI (mental research institute)’s brief therapy, Haley’s Strategic model, and the Milan Team’s systemic model. Strategic therapy uses all of these methods together to help the progression of therapy and to bring about change. Strategic family therapy has a few different types such as a model from Jay Haley, MRI (mental research institute), and The Milan Team. Each of these models has different concepts, strengths, and weaknesses that make strategic family therapy a truly diverse type of family therapy. There are many key terms which are used by one or multiple schools of Strategic family therapy. One of the most important terms is that of the communication paradigm. The communication paradigm states that people are always communicating. All behaviors are a form of communication and can occur on many different levels at the same time. A behavior can be verbal, nonverbal, or Meta communication. For example a couple comes in to therapy because a husband does not communicate with his wife. The husband states that he loves his wife and does not like the idea of therapy. This is verbal communication. The husband also taps his foot constantly and has his arms crossed in front of him. This cou... ... middle of paper ... ...ocation often using a two-way mirror. This gives the Milan team a unique collaborative aspect to therapy. Often the therapists meet beforehand at a pre-session meeting to discuss the clients. Then the session takes place and then there is an intersession where the therapists collaborate on an intervention for the clients. That intervention is then introduced to the client’s in therapy, After the conclusion of therapy the therapists meet again to discuss how the therapy session went and what could be improved upon in the future. The Milan team also puts a positive spin in client’s symptoms, often a simple reframing. The Milan Team also employs circular thinking or questioning. This is designed to throw off the clients thinking by orienting those towards seeing themselves in a relational context. This often gives new light to the circular nature of familial problems.
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