The concept of Structural family therapy is how the therapist “view the family as a system structured according to set patterns and rules that govern family interactions” (2003, Gehart & Tuttle, p. 23). The therapist goal is to interact with the clients during the therapy session to obtain an understanding of the reported problem. This process will allow the therapist to assist the clients with changing their structure. Strategic family therapy concept is to attempt to address a specific problem of the family in a shorter timeframe than other therapeutic services. Both approaches strive to assist the clients with overcoming their family issues, however views the structure of the family differently.
It is concerned about how the issues effect the family relationships and connections. This theory concentrates on how well the understanding is amongst the family members and counselor. The members of the family are prompted to understand how the issues were created, where did the issues come from, when the issues started effecting their family, and what the family needs to overcome their issues. Its focus is to help others understand and improve negative behavior. The structural therapy concentrates on the interaction and boundaries of families with separating the whole family into smaller groups.
They work with the family’s interaction, modify boundaries by strengthening diffuse boundaries and by softening rigid boundaries (Bitter, 2014). Family mapping is where the therapist would identify rigid boundaries, and mark symbols to mark boundaries (Bitter, 2014). Therapist use enactments to encourage family members to act out conflict situations that would happen at home. This encourages the clients to deal with problems, rather than just talking about problems (Bitter,
The therapist would work to sense the triangles that are currently formed between family members. Also find understanding of the family by use of role reversals along with challenging the family with putting universal principles at odds with the family’s beliefs. By creating unbalance with warmth and support, the therapist looks to increase family cohesion and harmony. The therapist will also investigate the family dynamic by allowing them to express and name the symbolic interactions that are shared so that can be uncovered and understood. Once the family’s symbolic and real curative factors are addressed, the therapist can push for growth and maturity in the family.
With that said in my opinion Robert Akers social learning theory explains what I would implement when making my own personal theory of counseling. Akers social learning theory asserts that an individual's behavior and definitions or differential association is also reflected in the social learning process. The factors for change in behavi... ... middle of paper ... ...become productive citizens. A population that would not be benefit from this type of therapy is those seeking family and marriage counseling. The reason is when couples of families seek out counseling for their marriage or family issues the counseling method focuses on the whole aspect of every member in the family.
For example, Person-Centered therapy influences my belief of how individuals view their world and process events in their life. The concept of the phenomental field states that individual’s perceptions of reality... ... middle of paper ... ...owerful predictor of client success involves the use of empathy (Smith, 2012). Clients need the opportunity to tell their story without judgment in order to work through the problems in their lives. Additionally, Person-centered counseling allows the client to be self-directive in therapy; therefore, allowing the client to “tap-into” their own strengths and coping skills (Smith, 2012). Furthermore, Gestalt therapy aides the client in integrating parts of themselves and resolving unfinished business that could be contributing to current problems (Smith, 2012).
This understanding is also crucial to effective intervention with individuals who have different values compared to me as a counselor. Understanding the individual theory of the world also helps me as a counselor in the identification of weaknesses and strengths and areas of improvement. As a counselor, my personal orientations on the other hand are the influences like values, interests, compassion, and self-awareness among others, which influence the personal theory of counseling, discussed above. These personal orientations correspond with other approaches to therapy while others do not hence the understanding is important. Family systems theory bases its argument on the concepts that in order to understand the family effectively and efficiently, the whole family has to be assessed.
Structural family therapist have exemplified within the context relational therapies that uncovers stressors in relationship between individuals (Vetere, 2001). Structural family therapy has been known to be called “interventive approach” because of the “intensity” to encourage clients to change (Hammond & Nichols, 2014). Structure therapy states that psychopathology is preserved and created not through individual pathology but through deficit in a family’s organizational structure. Therefore family therapist are not trying to solve the families’ problem but rather concentrate on the family’s organizational form (Ford, Durtchi, Franklin, 2012). Furthermore, the structural family therapy are theories and techniques method for individuals to help them in their social and relational relationships (Vetere, 2001).
For instance, structural family therapy takes a look at the family relationships, practices, patterns, and dynamics; and uses those patterns as they are displayed throughout the treatment process with a specific end goal to assess the family 's structure. In addition, counselors likewise look at subsystems inside of the family structure, for example, parental or sibling subsystems. Structural family therapy was composed by Salvador Minuchin, who utilizes "role playing" in the therapy sessions. Strategic family therapy looks at the family process and functions, for example, communication or problem solving patterns to see how the family operates outside of the therapeutic process. Helpful strategies during the sessions may incorporate reframing or rethinking the issue/situation; or utilizing interventions that recommend the family make a move that has all the earmarks of being contrary to their remedial objectives with a specific end goal to make the desired change.
The therapist mirrors back what has been told to her (Cooper & Lesser, 2015). The reflection strategy confirms for the client that the therapist was listening and understands. This process leads to the establishment of rapport and the beginning of a therapeutic relationship (Pearson & Pearson, 1995-2010). In comparison Child Welfare Social Workers use exploration as a strategy when working with clients. Open-ended questioning seeks to explore the experiences and feelings of the client.