Theories Of Motivation

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Motivation characterized as the strategy that starts, guides, and keeps up goal-oriented behaviors. Motivation is what causes you to act, whether it is getting a glass of water to reduce thirst or perusing a book to increment your information.. What are the things that actually urges us to act? There are many theories of motivation that are viewed in different approaches. We have the instinct, drive-reduction, arousal, incentive, cognitive and Hierarchy of needs approaches. To start with, The Instinct Theory of Motivation sees natural or hereditary programming as the cause of motivation. This claim suggests that all humans have the same motivations due to our similar biological programming necessary for survival. William McDougal proposed that an instinct must be unlearned, uniform in expression and universal in a species. For example, sexual behavior may be a response to an instinct to reproduce, and exploratory behavior may be motivated by an instinct to examine one’s territory. Another example of this in the animal world is seasonal migration. These animals do not learn to do this, it is instead an inborn pattern of behavior. But the issue with the instinct approach is that numerous recognized instincts are not widespread and people may display diverse levels of inspiration humans may exhibit different levels of motivation because of instinct, such as jealousy and aggression. Moreover, there’s the drive-reduction approach. The hypothesis of the drive-reduction approach proposed by Clark Hull is based around the concept of homeostasis, the thought that the body effectively works to preserve a certain state of adjust or harmony. For illustration, your body controls its temperature in arrange to guarantee that you do not gotten... ... middle of paper ... ...d acceptance, receiving and giving affection and love. Then, esteem needs which Maslow classified into two categories: esteem for oneself such as dignity, achievement, mastery, independence and the desire for reputation or respect from others like status, prestige. Maslow indicated that the need for respect or reputation is most important for children and adolescents and precedes real self-esteem or dignity. Also, the self-actualization needs such as realizing personal potential, self-fulfillment, seeking personal growth and peak experiences. A desire “to become everything one is capable of becoming”. Therefore, there are six different approaches to motivation. Many of the approaches are complementary rather than contradictory. Applying multiple approaches in a given situation provides a broader understanding than we might obtain by employing only a single approach.

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