The Wretched of the Earth, by Frantz Fanon: The Native Intellectual's Alliance with the Lumpenproletariat

Good Essays
The native intellectual’s alliance with the lumpenproletariat. In Fanon’s, The Wretched of the Earth, he sees the Native Intellectual as aggressive for command, nonviolent, a modern voice, and strategic. “The native intellectual has clothed his aggressiveness in his barely veiled desire to assimilate himself to the colonial world. He used his aggressiveness to serve his own individual interests,” (60). Here, Fanon emphasizes the native intellectual’s aggressiveness for power. He has hid his initial plan to eliminate the settler and take his position of authority, by assimilating to his beliefs. These revolve around the idea of a colonial world. This world is characterized as a division of action less and honorable titles where you can only take the position of one. His own individual interests are to run society with views other than the European views that the settler has come with. His scheme of foolery is seen as aggressive because he is disguising himself as an accomplice of the settler while planning how to remove him from the land have his governing status. The native intellectual’s plan to govern society is based on ideas of individuality, which colonization destroys. Colonization forces people to conform to ideas of separations, limitations, and social “norms.” “What the intellectual demands is the right to multiply the emancipated, and the opportunity to organize a genuine class of emancipated citizens,” (60). As of now, there are many boundaries that separate the different social class. There’s the rich bourgeoisie, the working middle class, the native intellectual and the poor lumpenproletariat. The native intellectual refuses to let these boundaries continue through the transformation of a colonial world. Ins... ... middle of paper ... ...s people in the front lines of war is a very strategic move on the native intellectual’s side because it increases the chances of getting rid of the foreigner and majority of the lumpenproletariat. They are fighting for independence from the colonists in the French Algerian war because Algeria, the home of the native intellectuals and the lumpenproletariat, refused to let their home become another French governed Europe. They are considered stout working men because the lumpenproletariat is known to live up to their name and do things that shouldn’t be done to survive. At this point in the war, they are considered brave for fighting and working men because for most, fighting in war is an extremely difficult task. In return for their participation in war, will not become completely reformed but will be able to better their life and live proudly in their nation.
Get Access