The 1919 Winnipeg General Strike was a pivotal event in Canadian labor history. It was fight for the injustice happening to the people of Canada who worked extremely hard to fight the war for Europe. These factory workers and the returned soldiers wanted nothing more than the fulfilment of the needs. For instance, they wanted better wages, stable jobs. However, as soldiers came back after fighting the war their jobs were taken by the immigrants. In addition to the workers who already were working for these metal industries wanted recognition and better working condition, which then led to the 1919 Winnipeg strike. The strike started on 15 may by the second day more than 35000 workers were on strike. The Winnipeg police and the police union decided together, and came to the strike only to be demanded by the strike committee to rejoin their jobs. One can tell that the motive of the municipal police was clear; they did not demand any violence. However, they were greatly misunderstood, part of the police force were confused with the strikers. The City of Winnipeg Police Commission terminated the nearly all the local police constables for declining to sign an agreement and taking the oath to neither participate nor belong to the strike. These police officers were enforced out by the law and order; their initial places were filled with special constables. The newly hired constables were not as trained as the previous ones; they were given horses and baseball bats, to freely use those on the strikers as required by the situation. The Winnipeg police force was with the strikers and was greatly sympathetic to the strikers. For this reason that, they refused to sign the contract. The citizen’s committee of 1000 was consisting of the elite c...
The Events of the British General Strike Indeed it could be said that the failure of the general strike and resultantly any real change proves that Britain in 1926 was a conservative society, but others would argue that it wasn’t that the British people wanted change, it was just that the government and the elites didn’t. Before we can begin to answer this question firstly we have to understand the exact meaning of the word conservative. I have found the meaning to be as follows; “Tending toward maintaining traditional and proven views, conditions and intuitions, favouring the preservation of established customs, values etc and opposing innovation”. Firstly we will take the approach of the coal owners in the events leading up to, and, during the period of the general strike. I think that that it was clear from the start of the whole fiasco that the coal owners were reluctant toward change.
Not everyone agreed and supported the cause of the strike. There were workers that did not want to get involved, and there were people bullying the strikers for striking and trying all kind of methods to get the strikers to give up the strike. There were threats, and things said and done as part of the struggle to gain forces on both sides. The use of violent type tactics were being used on a regular basis and people were getting hurt.
... way for other unions to form. When the strikers were defeated many returned to their jobs in the company for the same amount of pay they received before the strike. The leaders and other dominant workers were blacklisted, which banned them from being hired at a railroad company. The strike was significant because it was the first strike where a federal injunction was used to break up a company strike. Afterwards, many business corporations began to use labor injunctions against strikers and unions. After the public surrender of the union many workers no longer wanted to unionize since they saw that they gained nothing. However, in 1898 the Erdman Act passed that outlawed yellow-dog contracts that required workers to renounce unions as a condition of employment. The Pullman Strike paved way for several new unions to form, especially unions with unskilled workers.
This strike involved the workers of General Motors and they were unhappy with how much they were getting payed in relation to how much profit General Motors was bringing in. They also were concerned with the notion of being fired with no warning and no help after they were layoff with no unemployment insurance. The workers that were still at the plants had no control over about of hours to be worked, or when the lines would speed up. With the workers at high tension they formed the Sit down strike (The 1937 Flint Sit- down Strike). The strike need to be this was for a few reasons, one, all the workers would not leave the building because if they held a normal strike then they would just all be fired and replaced with other people. Another reason was because although there was an early union that started in 1935, the United Automotive Workers (UAW), they are still a new union that did not have respect with he companies to negotiate with them. Also, by locking themselves inside with the machinery, the GM had to react in a peaceful way so that their machines would not be damaged(Rubenslein Ziewacz, 241). Another big step for Unions was on August 28, 1963. This was event was called the March on Washington and took place at our nations capital. Although many people now know the March on Washington to be about civil rights and freedom it was originally about Jobs and the rights of workers. My people gathered to hear Dr. King speak about freedom, but the Union officials were their as well supporting what they were fighting for as well (The 1937 Flint Sit- down
...ry. The Amalgamated had no power to resist and its decline was symbolic of the general erosion of the union strength. The Pullman Strike consisted of railroad workers that went on strike and gained support of the American Railway Union to refuse to handle Pullman cars and equipment. Within days, transportation from Chicago to the Pacific Coast was paralyzed. Railroad operators asked the federal government to send army troops to Illinois because the strikes were preventing the movement of mail. A federal court then issued an injunction forbidding the union to continue the strike, when they defied it, they were arrested and imprisoned. After they were imprisoned the strike quickly collapsed. Unions altogether only consisted of 4% of the industrial workforce. Ethnic tensions, as well as gender divisions caused the union to not make as big an imprint as it should have.
The Pullman Strike occurred began on May 11, 1894 as a result of how George Pullman President of Pullman Palace Car Company treated his workers. When economic depression hit in 1893 Pullman degreased his workers’ wages by 25 percent; however, he did not lower the price of rent in his town where many workers lived. Consequently the workers could not pay their rent, some faced starvation, and many fell into debt to the company. At first around 3,000 Pullman workers went on a “wildcat” strike, requesting support from American Railway Union (ARU). Before long 50,000 men stopped working and joined the strike. Asked to intercede Federal Troops went to Chicago, and after much violence the strike ceased. Holding a significant role in U.S history the
Employers and corporation were backed by the laws of the United States and based their ideas off of ideologies. One key ideology was the “free labor ideology.” This ideology referred to the difference between the Southern and Northern economies during the nineteenth century and how free labor was better than slave labor, i.e. factory work vs. farm work respectively. “Free labor ideology prepared industrialists to blame workers for their social standing and to see workers’ collective action as a threat to their core belief” (Beckert 177)2 above. Arguably, laws and injunctions helped employers and corporations the most by allowing employers to break up strikes and discriminate against their workers. “Workers struck Pullman on May 11, 1894. To support them, the American Railway Union, led by Eugene Debs, organized a nationwide boycott of the railroads…The strike was broken by court injunctions and federal troops sent by President Grover Cleveland. Debs went to prison for six months…” (Zinn/Arnove 235)
The strike was a youth led campaign, triggered by the want of change in the way two major heads of the newspaper industry Joseph Pulitzer and William Randolph Hearst’s newspapers compensated their child labor force.