In the 1800s, American workers had tough working conditions until the workers decided to take a stand. Before factories were developed, the workers worked on small farms which were not as miserable as working in factories. American workers wanted protection and safety in the factories. There were men, women, and even children working in these dangerous factories. American workers felt taking advantaged of so they took a stand and formed labor unions.
How people worked, the nature of their interaction with society, was one of the fundamental changes brought on by the demands of the industrial revolution. Taking advantage of the benefits obtained by the division of labor and scale of production required that people work together in large groups. This new paradigm of working collectively under the factory system had no contemporary parallel – except for the working conditions of slaves who also labored in large groups. An examination of the lives of factory workers and slaves shows that there are many similarities between the way slaves were managed, and the management of industrial workers. The very nature of the administration of large groups required a similar organizational structure to effectively run a larger scale operation.
These advances also reduced the amount of needed workers (Rempel 2). Many employees disagreed with assembly line machinery over man-labor because they needed their jobs for familial financing. With a redundant amount of machines, it reduced need for human hands, which inevitably, reduced worker’s wage (Hooker 4). After machine-production, most factory employer’s wanted workers fit for exactly what they needed them for. In the late 1700’s, many women and children were hired for factory work because of their small, nimble body structure, which makes them capable of running and fixing the meticulously designed machines.
Historians agree that American Unionism started in the early 19th Century. These early organizations were formed along the lines of Craft. Daniel Mills explains, in Labor Relations, "Crafts people worked for themselves, or in small shops. They were often in conflict with customers or merchants which they supplied." (35) These associations were formed to protect their craft, rather than as a collective bargaining union.
Labor Unions Throughout American history, labor unions have served to facilitate mediation between workers and employers. Workers seek to negotiate with employers for more control over their labor and its fruits. “A labor union can best be defined as an organization that exists for the purpose of representing its members to their employers regarding wages and terms and conditions of employment” (Hunter). Labor unions’ principal objectives are to increase wages, shorten work days, achieve greater benefits, and improve working conditions. Despite these goals, the early years of union formation were characterized by difficulties (Hunter).
Labor relations may take place on different levels such as regional, national, international. The main challenge for such relation is ability to adapt to emerging changes. The world and technology develops very fast, so do relations between workers and management. Trade unions (also called) labor unions are organizations of workers who united to defend their rights, solving problems in the industry such as wages, working hours, bonuses, Union represent workers and negotiate with the management on behalf of the workers (Jochem, 2000). Such relations are usually accompanied by tensions and conflicts and company owners usually want to earn more and pay less.
What are labour rights? Labour rights area group of legal rights related to labourers. These rights focus on claimed human rights and the relationship of laborers with their employees. Labour rights are related to workers’ pay, safe working conditions and benefits related to workers. Labour laws have been an important part of the constituency since the Industrial Revolution and developed the most in the 19th and the 20th centuries.
Looking at two documents from that era Plantation Management, a set of rules for the direction of overseers written by a wealthy plantation owner, and Factory Rules, an early type of employee’s handbook, we can see many similarities in the schedule and management of industrial workers and slaves. Both had to adhere to a strict schedule. Rising early in the morning and working until late in the night (Factory Rules in Berlin 1844). Both worked in groups under the direc... ... middle of paper ... ...ual and a freedom from control of monarchies. Furthermore, while the majority of workers lives may have been full of hardship, the industrial revolution created a middle class that would continue to grow as the advances in production continued to pill up.
All of this changed when the Industrial Revolution happened. Women and children had to work in mills. Even though they worked in dreadful conditions, they were happy that they could make money for their family. They earned more money, ate better and lived longer. Although there were many casualties because of the workers getting stuck in the machine.
2. proletarians and communists, ... ... middle of paper ... ...ics and Revolution New York: Western Publishing Company, Inc., 1968 Secondary Encarta Ecyclopedia '95 CD-Rom Compton's Interactive Encyclopedia CD-Rom Encyclopedia Britanica Bibliography: Bibliography Primary 1. Freedman, Robert The Marxist System New Jersey: Chatham House Publishers Inc., 1990 2. Hunley, J. D. The Life And Thought of Freidrich Engels New Haven: Yale University press, 1991 3. Marx, Karl Engels, Friedrich The Communist Manifesto New York: Viking Penguin Inc., 1987 4. Gurley, John G. Challengers of Capitalism: Marx, Lenin, Stalin, and Mao New York: Addison-Wesley Publishing Company, Inc., 1988 5.