In recent years, the use of eyewitness testimonies as evidence in court cases has been a subject in which various researchers have been interested in. Research suggests that eyewitness testimonies are actually not reliable enough to use as primary evidence in court cases. There have been many cases in which an innocent person gets sent to prison for a crime they did not commit because an eyewitness testified that they were the ones that they saw at the scene of the crime. Researchers’ goal is to
legitimacy and integrity of the trial, it is defined as knowingly composing a false statement, whereas misinterpretation and inaccurate recalls are not criminal. Eyewitness testimony is generally a verbal description given by an individual who has experienced or witnessed a criminal act. (Pozzulo, 2012:338). Seeing as eyewitness testimony relies heavily on the witness’s propensity to accurately remember and recall events makes recognizing fallibility of a witness’s memory a very complex ordeal since
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The Reliability of Eyewitness Testimony With regard to the extent of psychological research which supports the view concerning the unreliability of eyewitness testimony, a number of judgements can be made. Firstly, one can refer to a study carried out by Loftus and Palmer in 1974, where one hundred and fifty participants were asked to watch a video of cars colliding, and then fill in a questionnaire about what they saw. The important question involved the speed of the cars at the point
to question the use of capital punishment. One of the most fundamental pieces of a trial are eyewitnesses statements. However, eyewitness statements can contribute flaws to the judicial system because they often change over time. The case of Cameron Todd Willingham in Corsicana, Texas revolved around the idea that Willingham started a fire that killed his own children, making him a murderer. One of the eyewitnesses of the fire, Diane Barbee, a woman who lived on the same street as Willingham, first