Truman feared that third world countries would accept Communism. Communism 2 sounded tempting to these countries because it would equalize everyone and it may even provide those countries with a stable government (Ferrell, pg. 105). The main objective of the Truman Doctrine was to support Turkey and Greece because the United States government felt they were most threatened by Communism during the Cold War. The United States did not want Communism to spread, in fear that it would form in the United States (Encarta).
In 1947 there was a civil war in Greece and Turkey. Great Britain was supplying economic and military aid to them until the war became too costly. Due to the fear of the Soviets from taking over the Untied States sent aid to the Greeks and Turks crushing the rebel movements. The Truman Doctrine inspired the Marshall Plan in June of 1947. It was a European recovery program aimed to "reduce hunger, poverty, desperation, and chaos and to restore the confidence of the European people in the economic future of their own countries and as Europe as a whole."
The newly formed Soviet Union thought that communism was a better political system because it transformed their economy and status in the world from nothing but a declining empire to a super power once again. The Cold War was a long series of events in which the communist tried to spread their ideas of government and socialist economy, known as expansionism, and the United States and some of the other Western powers such as Great Britain tried to contain it. Containment, a term introduced by George F. Kennan, was the foreign policy the United States practiced from 1946 to 1991 when the Soviet Union collapsed. The United States saw the Soviet Union to be a direct threat to the free world. During president Truman and Eisenhower’s administration the policy of containment evolved so drastically that American presidents would put anything on the line, including world peace.
Through the analysis of documents and other sources, the actual cause of the 'war' lies with both powers. Both powers caused the Cold War because, although the US and the USSR were allied during World War Two, the USSR and US had different ideologies and aims of the war that conflicted after the war was over and the threat that each power imposed on the other. The primary cause of the Cold War is the exceedingly bipolar systems of government that the USSR and the US were administered under. The US had a democracy and had, in April of 1945, just said farewell to one of the most liberal presidents that ever had been elected. By making many social reforms, President Roosevelt pulled the US out of the crippling depression and into on of the most prosperous decades ever.
Russia, under Lenin's rule called for a world revolution and brought the United States into it. It was not until after WWII, that the cold war really began, when the political power of the world shifted from the center of Europe to Moscow and Washington. The Cold War began after the collapse of Germany in May 1945(http://www.coldwar.org/indexrus.html). The creation of the cold war came from the disagreements for postwar Europe and the Far East. Each superpower, the United States, Britain, France and Russia had their own idea of how postwar Europe should look, and many of their ideas clashed.
The United States had bought Alaska from Russia partly so that the tsar would not be offended by a refusal. This kind of relation between the two became a rarity later on, especially in the twentieth century. The tense ambiance of this period gave no room for a civil affiliation between the United States and the Union of Soviet Socialist Republic. After World War II, the two nations battled it out in a conceptual war known as the Cold War. It was characterized by a competition between the nations’ political philosophies- the USSR wanted communism to dominate the world, while the US wanted democracy to prevail.
This move limited the power that Malenkov and Nikita Krushchev had while at the same time giving more power to Stalin. Immediately following Stalin’s death Malenkov cut membership in the new politburo and threw out the young recently appointed Stalinists. Malenkov also announced that any new policies would come from... ... middle of paper ... ...e Soviet Union and at the end of the Cold War became independent nations. The Soviet Union would frequently engage in wars by proxy such as the Vietnam and Korean wars. They also invaded many border nations such as Afghanistan and Czechoslovakia.
The leading American Cold War historian John Lewis Gaddis argues that there was “a new consensus emerging – the post revisionist one” (Leffler and Painter 1994 ). According to this consensus, the United States had “become an imperial nation after World War Two” (Leffler and Painter 1994 ) but that the American officials weren’t inspired by capitalist greed or fears of another depression. Gaddis makes a point that “the United States was not a confident power in 1945 and actually had to reshape many of its domestic priorities and institutions to deal with the competition of the Soviets”. (Pipe 2007) In addition, Gaddis outlines three important lessons or ideas in his book. The first being that during the Cold War, “military strength ceased to be the defining characteristic of power itself, which it had been for the past five centuries”.
The Soviets put him on trial for espionage. This event greatly set back the United States and Soviet Union’s relationship (Artorius). Truman’s Doctrine’s stated that the United States will support Greece and Turkey with economic and military aid to prevent them from falling into the Soviet sphere. This worsened the Cold War because when the Soviet Union tried to take over countries, the United States provided aid for the defending countries, which made the Soviets very angry (Office of Historian). The Marshall plan offered financial aid to help all European countries rebuild after the war.
Early in 1947 the British said they could no longer support the Greek government. This posed as a threat for the Soviet Union to take over Greece, and then easily move into the Middle East. In 1947 president Harry Truman declared that the United States must support countries who were resisting outside influence to attempt to take away their independence. The United States chose to follow a policy of containment, helping those nations that had not already fallen to communism, only helping those who were currently in danger. Truman thought that one of the greatest threats to the United States would be the fall of Greece and Turkey to communism.