Influenced by the fear of communism by American society and containment beliefs of people like George Kennan, who advocated that the US should use diplomatic, economic, and military action to contain communism, Truman established the Truman Doctrine, which stated that the US would protect democracies throughout the world, pledging the US would fight it around the world. This doctrine was an extension to both the Monroe Doctrine and the Roosevelt Corollary. In dealing with foreign policy, Truman did everything to protect nations of being consumed by communism, such as the Berlin Airlift, in which Truman decided to avoid the Soviet blockade of West Berlin and flew supplies directly over to the people in need. In Asia, Truman decided to use limited warfare, meaning the lack of atomic weapons, and was highly criticized by Douglas MacArthur, commander of the army, who he later dismissed for not following US policy.
In the United States the main concern of the government was maintain the loyalty of their citizens. This was made even more evident by the second red scare that happened post WWII. The reason behind this scare was that information was leaked that there was espionage going on in the US and this caused Americans to fear that this will eventually lead to the overthrow of the government. Another fear was the rapid spread of communism into countries in Eastern Europe and Asia. As concern of the public grew in regards to the spread of communism the government started to adjoin more foreign policy geared towards solving that predicament. The United States believed that it was there responsibility as superpower to protect democracy, and be leading example to other nations of protecting the rights of individuals. As a result the idea of containment was formed. The word “containment” to describe stopping the spread of communism was coined by George Kennen. The Truman Doctrine incorporated the ideology of containment and put it into offensive mode. The Iron Curtain is term used to describe the separation between sovereign countries and the countries under the Soviet Union. As the American agenda shifted more towards the focus of foreign policy; this changed was inconsistent with America policy in the past which was mostly isolationism. The implementation of the Truman Doctrine caused: increase in defense spending, Marshall Plan, proxy wars both Korean and Vietnam, creation of the CIA, and the United Nations was formed. The Marshall Plan was basically money give...
Eisenhower’s foreign policy was about containment and trying to discourage other countries from joining it by giving them financial and military aid. When he realized that containment itself was not enough to stop the Soviet expansion, he adopted a policy which he called massive retaliation whereby the U.S. was prepared to use atomic weapons if they were to be attacked. He tried diplomacy to develop relation with the Soviets even agreeing to join other leaders in Geneva Switzerland with the intention to calm the temperatures between the two nations. When diplomacy didn’t work, he signed a bill that allowed countries to request economic and military help from the U.S. if they are being attacked by a communist nation. Cold War did not end until after Ronald Reagan’s time as president when he challenged the leader of the Soviet to take down the Berlin wall which was the most recognizable symbol of the Cold War. At this time, the Soviet Union was disintegrating and its influence in Eastern Europe was waning fast bringing the war to an
issuing the Presidents Committee on Civil Rights. Truman reacted, not only for the reason that he had a
During his presidential terms Harry Truman showed resilience when faced with the many foreign affairs he faced. Events that would highlight Truman’s characteristics as an admirable leader include the hardships he faced during World War II, and his efforts for the containment of communism during the Cold War tensions.
...hat they wanted to unlike the way it under a communist regime. As related to the humanities based theme of the individual and society Truman and his policy of containment helped improve the way we look at life and the status of the world at the time and now.
In my opinion, it was the United States actions, both during and after WWII, that are responsible for the Cold War. Aside from minor territorial squabbles in the years shortly after the war, the Truman Doctrine in 1947 let the Soviets know that the U.S was ready to fight them if they tried to expand, while the U.S itself was expanding in Japan and Western Europe. Then, when the Soviets cut off Berlin in 1948, instead of asking them to open it up again, the U.S called their bluff and put them in the position of, “Go to war with us, or stop blocking Berlin.” And all of the aforementioned reasons are compounded by the fact that the U.S had bombs capable of wiping out entire cities that the Soviet’s knew nothing about until they were used against
Cold War policy maker’s primary intentions were to protect america, its interests, and its allies. It was important for America to maintain good relations with any nation that served their interests; anti-communist or trade based. With the Truman Doctrine America stated that “the policy of the United States [would be] to support free peoples who are resisting subjugation by” second world powers1. This principle allowed the US to intervene in situations that otherwise would not affect them. The Korean War is an example of the Truman Doctrine at work. America jumped into the war to back South Korea because it backed American in...
How did Truman, Eisenhower, and Kennedy plan to stop communism? Eisenhower, Truman and Kennedy all had ideas that affected the next president’s doctrine. The Policy of Containment is a U.S policy in 1940s to stop the spread of communism. Truman believes in the Policy of Containment.
The Truman Doctrine was an international relations policy set forth by the U.S. President Harry Truman to help some countries. It was that the U.S. would support Greece and Turkey with economic and military aid to prevent them from joining the Soviet Union. On March 12, 1947, President Harry S. Truman presented this address before a joint session of Congress. His message was well known as the Truman Doctrine. It was that he asked the Congress for $400 million in military and economic assistance for Turkey and Greece.
The end of World War II presented an opportunity for Winston Churchill to regain some of the power and influence that the Imperialistic British Empire once possessed. Churchill took advantage of the trust and respect that the American public and President Truman shared about his character. He saw Truman's lack of political experience as an opportunity to restore British imperial authority. Winston Churchill tainted Harry Truman's beliefs and preservations about Russia, because his personal agenda and imperial policy where vital to the supremacy of the British Empire. Churchill manipulated Truman and the American public. He caused them to believe that Russia was a legitimate threat to the free world, thus he created the origins of the Cold War.
The Cold War in the United States came from the fear that Communists intended to take over all of Europe. Seeing that Communist governments were established in Poland, Bulgaria, and Hungary by the Soviet army, along with local communists setting up their own governments in Albania, Yugoslavia, and the United States began her policy called the Truman Doctrine. This Doctrine was est...
President Truman wanted to have a cooperative relationship with the Soviet Union as long as they did what the United States wanted them to do. He wanted to restrain their expansionist impulses and allow the United States to rebuild Germany and their Allies. Truman knew that he could get away with this because American had a nuclear monopoly which attributed to the United State’s power. Josef Stalin the leader of the Soviet Union wanted to force communism on surrounding nations.