Truman Vs. Eisenhower: Cold War Foreign Policies

comparative Essay
654 words
654 words

Presidents Harry Truman and Dwight Eisenhower shared many similarities yet still many differences when it came to Cold War foreign policies. Truman’s foreign policies revolved around the Truman Doctrine, which stated that the United States would financially support Greece and Turkey . Despite Truman’s and Eisenhower’s differing political parties, the foreign policies of the presidents shared several similarities. The main differences between the two presidents can be attributed to differing circumstances during their years in office. Both Truman and Eisenhower sought to eliminate communism and support civil rights, but Truman emphasized international relations and the American economy while Eisenhower dealt more with domestic issues around civil rights. Both Truman’s and Eisenhower’s governments were engaged in the Cold War, and contributed to increased tensions with Russia. Truman was the initiator of the containment policy, which was implemented throughout the duration of the Cold War. This policy was put into effect in order to prevent the spread of communism. …show more content…

Due to their choices regarding civil rights, they ended up sacrificing popularity in the South in order to gain support from and protect the black voters in America. At first, Truman avoided civil rights issues for blacks, but soon found that he could not abstain entirely from involvement. In 1948, Truman “endorsed the findings of the report [of the Presidential Committee on Civil Rights] and called for an end to racial discrimination in federal hiring practices” (“Civil Rights Under Truman and Eisenhower”). Truman also issued an order to end segregation in the military, which was later completed by Eisenhower

In this essay, the author

  • Compares harry truman and dwight eisenhower's cold war foreign policies. both sought to eliminate communism and support civil rights.
  • Explains that both truman and eisenhower's governments were engaged in the cold war, and contributed to increased tensions with russia.
  • Explains that the 33rd and 34th presidents were strong leaders with strong approval ratings and made difficult decisions during their presidencies, such as the dropping of the atomic bomb in japan by truman, and the difficult civil rights decisions made by eisenhower.
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