The Triumph of Food Production over Hunting and Gathering

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The human race was once completely dependent on hunting and gathering as its source for caloric intake. Today, this is not the case. We live in a society that is continuously becoming more global, and the large global population is being supported by modern food production. But what factors caused this switch to take place from hunting and gathering to food production? The main contributors over the last several thousand years include: the increase in calorie yield, the stability, and the benefits derived from domesticate-able animals that can all be attributed to food production.
To better understand how these three contributors interact with and influence one another, it is beneficial to examine Abraham Maslow’s well-known Hierarchy of Needs. According to Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs, there are certain aspects of an individual’s life that must be maintained before that person can begin fulfilling their higher or more complex needs. But for the purposes of this paper, we will evaluate societies as a whole instead of just focusing on individuals. The end goal in this theory is to eventually reach self-actualization and fulfillment: the state of being where creativity and innovation are able to flourish. But before a slight hope can be given to that end goal of being achieved, the Maslow’s first sets of needs must be met and maintained. These are categorized as the physiological, meaning that they represent an individual’s need for “air, water, and sufficient calories and nutrients to live.” Hunting and gathering societies and food producing societies approach fulfilling these needs in distinct ways.
Central to the very existence of a hunting and gathering society is the daily need to secure anew these physiological needs. This i...

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...le animals. These factors caused the ultimate switch for mankind to become food producers.

Works Cited

Hagerty, Michael R. "Testing Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs: National Quality-of-Life across Time." Social Indicators Research 46.3 (1999): 249-71. JSTOR. Web. 19 Mar. 2014.
Dow, Gregory K., Nancy Olewiler, and Clyde G. Reed. "The Transition to Agriculture: Climate Reversals, Population Density, and Technical Change." Simon Fraser University, Aug. 2005. Web. 19 Mar. 2014.
Diamond, Jared. Guns, Germs, and Steel: The Fates of Human Society. New York: W.W. Norton &, 1999. Print.
"The Neolithic Revolution and the Birth of Civilization." The Neolithic Revolution and the Birth of Civilization. N.p., n.d. Web. 20 Mar. 2014.
Locay, Luis. "From Hunting and Gathering to Agriculture." Economic Development and Cultural Change 37.4 (1989): 737. JSTOR. Web. 19 Mar. 2014.

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