The Three Sociologists: Marx, Durheim, and Weber

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There are many classical sociologists in the world with many different theories and key elements within the sociological imagination. James Fulcher and John Scott (p.21, 2011) explain why theories of sociologists in past time and todays modern so-ciety are so important and why they can still be relevant today, “theory is or should be an attempt to describe and explain the real world, it is impossible to know any-thing about the real world without drawing on some kind of theoretical ideas.” Per-ceptions of Karl Marx, Emile Durkheim and Max Weber (who can also be known as the ‘holy trinity’ of the three founding fathers) theories have been interpreted for hundreds of years, leading to them having a remarkable impact in history and to-day’s society. However the relevance of these theories in contemporary sociology raises a magnitude of different questions and opinions on how the theories effect citizens in society to this day. Furthermore this essay will be focusing on how the three sociologists discussed and argued certain concepts such as inequality and social change, also how they can relate to key events, for example the Olympics the Arab Spring and the 2011 riots. In addition to this how they help our understanding of current societies, times and events.
A topic area which all three sociologists Marx, Durkheim and Weber argued and discussed in different views, was social inequality and social structure, all there sociologists had their own theories on what they would class social inequality and social structure as. Paul Watts (2007) speaks about his thoughts on social inequality, as a rise to a plethora of ways, including how we understand and explain the relationship between individuals and their social settings. An example cou...

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... to a different society. Marx’s theory for social change is based on history, this in contract how history is more or less the reason for class conflict and social change. (This material/information is taken from lecture slides from sociological imagination).
Mike O’Donnell (1992) also investigated what causes social changes according to Mark Weber’s theory and why social change occurs, O’Donnell demonstrated that “Weber considered that social change can occur for many reasons, or, more technically to his analysis, social change is multifactorial” (pg. 11, 1992). Weber also thought just like Karl Marx’s theory, did believe that history does play an important part in social change, however Weber did not want to be recognised for that since he did not agree with all of Marx’s theory because he believed class conflict is an explanation for change unlike Marx’s theory.

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