As widely assumed or acknowledged, there is a connection between housing condition and health. However, it is still few studies actually further investigating the association with homeownership rather than the house’s environmental or living condition related to the health of family members. Homeownership has been considered as a key indicator of the extent to community development. Accordingly, various researches mostly suggested that having the housing stability of dwelling related to ownership is more constructive to peoples’ mental health. From the perspectives of the research on the sociology of mental health, strong evidence also showed certain external factors such as homeownership playing a significant role while individual experiencing mental problems (Manturuk, 2012). However, there was little literature also suggested the degree of impacts from with mortgage or not on health status and further the grade difference of relationship between housing tenure and health based on the financial status of ownership, just similar to the difference of effects between social status such as income and health (Nettleton et al., 1998, 2000). These perspectives could be further investigated in the future. Nevertheless, the previous researches were either focused on the role of affordable housing associating with residential stability or educational improvement for children and employment outcomes for the adults (Manturuk, 2012). Others also emphasized that affordable housing could contribute to community-wide economic development, both for troubled and vibrant communities (Lubell et al., 2007). In addition, even the past researches started to examine the impact difference from various categories ownerships versus; however, the subcate... ... middle of paper ... ...uller-Thompson et al., 2000). In general, it is assumed that people living in a well - developed environment are more likely in better health condition since they could be more active outside of their residence (Kuo et al., 1998); while poor housing condition could increase the risks of physical health problem (Dunn, 2000). Similarly, health condition could in turn affect the access to housing as well. People with worse health problems were found more difficult to attain a better housing. And such a poorer housing condition could also impact on people’s major development including the education attainment, employment access, and health condition (Manturuk, 2013). It is cyclical effects between health and housing for people living in poorer could have higher risks of health problems which could also limit people to improve their housing condition (Manturuk, 2013).
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The connection between poor living conditions, low income families, and inequality of varying groups go hand in hand when dealing with poverty as discussed in Evicted by Matthew Desmond. These issues are often swept under the rug for those not immersed in the situation and can even be unknown. There is gender inequality which can affect every aspect of life, including dwelling. There is also racial inequality which also renders the quality of life. Both themes have a deeper meaning and are connected at the source of poor education and job discrimination.
While it is true that housing is correlated with positive outcomes in the homeless population, it does not account for supportive services that this population may also need. Housing is one plan of action for preventing homelessness, but it does not solve the problem. Persisting health problems may prevent an individual from ever reaching housing stability for them a permanent house would not be beneficial if the problem is their health. Housing without supportive services cannot end homelessness.3,4 Providing housing for the homeless is a measure taken after people have experienced the trauma of losing their home. Intervention efforts should be concentrated on preventing the loss of homes, and safety that can ultimately influence a person 's health
In this essay, the terms homelessness and mental illness will be defined. The cause of mental illness and that of homelessness will also be explored using different academic literature. The relationship between mental illness and homelessness will also be exploited using academic research materials to answer the question “Is a relationship between mental health and homelessness?”
Bonnefoy et al (2004) said that housing affects health in many ways which he split down into main factors, housing standards, social environment and housing
Homelessness can happen to anyone unexpectedly. Many poor people are at the risk of homelessness. The cost of living and trying to find affordable housing can be very difficult. Many who are homeless are in poverty, have a mental illness, or addictions. Homelessness happens from personal, as well as structural factors. Many aren’t able to make enough for rent, as well as, utilities, food, and other expenses each month. More than 6 million Americans pay more than half of their income towards rent (Reamer, 1989). The trend is once someone becomes homeless, it is likely they will be homeless repeatedly. To end homelessness, affordable housing will have to be created because it is peoples largest single expenditure (Anderson, 2013).
Poverty can endanger the safety of many people. Living arrangements can put children at a greater risk of being in an unstable environment. The “instability of living arrangements and homelessness due to poverty, place children at increased risk of being injured (Leschid31).” Many experts show the less money a person makes the less affordable houses will be available, this will have a
The Social Determinants of health are what people experience in terms of birth, living, work and age all of which can contribute to the overall well being of individuals. This essay will focus on the social determinants of housing, which will examine the issue of income, poverty, overcrowding, the difference between social and private housing, unsatisfactory living arrangements, and green spaces; all of which can go on to affect the individual and their family’s physical health and mental health state.
The health of an individual and their communities is affected by several elements which combine together. Whether an individual is healthy or not, is determined by their circumstances and environment.1 To a greater extent, factors such as where an individual lives, their relationships with family and friends, the state of their environment, income, genetics and level of education all have significant impacts on health, however the more frequently considered factors such as access and use of health care facilities regularly have less of an impact.6 Determinants of health is a term which was introduced in the 1970s as part of a broader analysis of research and policy on public health. Researchers argued that there was a lot of attention and too much expenditure on health being dedicated to individuals and their illnesses, and little or no investment in populations and their health. It was decided that public health should be more concerned with social policies and social determinants than with health facilities and the outcomes of diseases.7 The determinants of health include social and economic environment, physical environment and an individual’s behaviour and characteristics. The environment of an individual determines their health, holding responsible an individual for having poor health or acknowledging them for good health is inappropriate. Individuals are not likely to be able to control several of the determinants of health. These determinants that make individuals healthy or not include the factors above, and numerous others.6
Thanks for shedding light on how social factor affects health and entire population. It is true that lack of resources to meet individual daily needs, inadequate education and unemployment may play a crucial part in maintaining adequate health. Take for instance, people residing in the rural area may not have access to free health resource and education and this may post a danger to their health. Another social condition is pollution. In areas where there is high ozone pollution, there is increase occurrence of asthma in both adults and children in regard to states and national averages (U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, 2016). This could lead to lung CA, heart issues and other debilitating disease.
The determinants of health normally reflect the conditions within which people are born and continue on with their basic life. Determinants of health are also the factors that contribute to a person 's current state of health (Juha Mikkonen and Dennis Raphael 2014).The factors are behavioral, biological, social in nature, socioeconomic or psychosocial (Juha Mikkonen and Dennis Raphael 2014). Homelessness is not one problem, homelessness is many different kinds of problems involving many different kinds of people. Each of the homeless people has different reasons(James D. Wright 2005) Homeless people health may be influenced by the social determinants of health. This paper will discuss the three social determinants of health, social exclusion, income and social status and housing. According to Shaurya Taran, the only solution for some clients is to build new homeless shelters (Shaurya Taran 2016). Homeless shelters would effectively remove homeless clients from the street. They may also provide a more predictable daily routine(Shaurya Taran 2016).
Health and wellness can be affected by many factors. The lack of sufficient health care needs to be addressed; to give Americans, rich or poor, a chance of a healthier lifestyle. The definition of health may never be universally accepted, but every culture deserves equal opportunity to better healthcare. Environments will always have an affect on health, but with proper education, people can be taught more effective ways to live in an environment that can’t sustain a healthy lifestyle. As Americans, it is our responsibility to protect our own, and we should begin with our health care system.
The annual earnings, number of doctors per one thousand people, and percentage of people who work in professional jobs or managerial jobs are all I think good indicators to the living conditions of an area. Basically the more money people bring into the home shows their attitude to life, they want to do well and succeed. It is these types of people who have the higher living standards because of the jobs they do and the money that they earn. Many people who are unemployed do not care that they are, and are happy with the conditions they live in which are to a lower standard because of their attitude towards life.Criteria that can be...
Yet the study was not intended to solve multigenerational poverty. While many of the adult participants had lived in extreme poverty for decades, which is self-evidently rooted in more than housing issue, childhood exposure to low poverty neighborhood can generate more significant differences in mean outcomes (Chetty & Katz, 2015). As the experiment aims to observe positive changes brought in by improved housing and neighborhood conditions, Chetty & Katz (2015) finds improvements in “several key adult mental and physical health outcomes.” These include significantly lowered risk of diabetes and obesity, as well as an improved level of well-being such as lower prevalence of anxiety, depression and psychological distress. However, the absence of adults’ socioeconomic improvement in MTO outcomes indicates neighborhood effects operate primarily through “developmental" effects during childhood. Living in low poverty neighborhoods and higher-quality homes may not solve multigenerational economic disparities, yet perhaps the most important intervention in the intergenerational transmission of disadvantage are the long-term effects on children of living in extreme
It is not enough anymore to speak only health and sickness, because it is important to understand how environment affects people’s health. Also economical issues like economical growth create conditions for the deveploment of wellfare. In equality appears to have a significant impact on human health. Client`s status should be strenghtened and communities must activate the function. (Terveyden edistämisen eettiset haasteet 2008)