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Clarice Swisher in “Nathaniel Hawthorne: a Biography” states: Hawthorne himself was preoccupied with the problems of evil, the nat... ... middle of paper ... ...uction. Selected Short Stories of Nathaniel Hawthorne. New York: Fawcett Premier, 1966. Leavis, Q.D. “Hawthorne as Poet.” In Hawthorne – A Collection of Critical Essays, edited by A.N.
The symbolism in Hawthorne’s The Scarlet Letter is significant to understanding the scarlet “A”, Pear, and the meteor. The Scarlet letter is the most significant symbol of the entire story. The work of Hawthorne in The Scarlet Letter is emotionally so complex that the symbolism in the story can be hard to figure out (Whipple). The setting of The Scarlett letter is in puritan time which Mr. Hawthorne has made the book more realistic by putting puritan rules and ways thorough out the story(Lanzen Harris). The scarlet letter is a scarlet and gold badge that is carefully embroidered by Hester Prynne to be worn upon her breast to show that she is adultery (Hawthorne 155).
“Hawthorne and His Mosses,” The Literary World August 17, 24, 1850. http://eldred.ne.mediaone.net/nh/hahm.html Peckham, Morse. “The Development of Hawthorne’s Romanticism.” In Readings on Nathaniel Hawthorne, edited by Clarice Swisher. San Diego, CA: Greenhaven Press, 1996. Swisher, Clarice. “Nathaniel Hawthorne: a Biography.” In Readings on Nathaniel Hawthorne, edited by Clarice Swisher.
Oxford: Oxford UP, 1994. Print. Kirk, Connie Ann. Sylvia Plath: A Biography. Westport, CT: Greenwood, 2004.
(2012). Trapped by Typology in Nathaniel Hawthorne's THE HOUSE OF THE SEVEN GABLES. Explicator, 70(4), 318-321. doi:10.1080/00144940.2012.727898 Idol, J. L. (1989). HOLDING THE MIRROR UP TO HAWTHORNE: THREE RECENT CRITICAL REFLECTIONS. Studies In The Novel, 21(3), 332.
"Jane Austen's "Wild Imagination": Romance and the Courtship Plot in the Six Canonical Novels." Narrative 14.3 (2006): 294-310. Project MUSE. Web. 11 Nov. 2013.
Dared and Done: The Marriage of Elizabeth Barrett and Robert Browning. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1995. Moore, Virginia. Distinguished Women Writers. New York: EP Dulton & CO., Inc. Publishers, 1934.
The Brontes, by Juliet Barker. New York: St. Martin's Press, 1994.] IncompeTech's British Author Series: Emily Bronte: http://incompetech.com/authors/ebronte Bronte, Charlotte. "Poems from the 1850 Wuthering Heights." Wuthering Heights.