Nathaniel Hawthorne Essay

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Nathaniel Hawthorne, known for his use of allegory and symbolism, is now one of the most studied authors. He became famous for his novels and short stories that revealed the portrayal he had of the world. His works have been properly recognized for more than a century. Hawthorne’s perspective of life comes from his history that gave him a sense of inherited guilt. Even with the setbacks during his journey to success, Hawthorne managed to surpass them and become the wonderful writer he is known to be.
Nathaniel Hawthorne was born in Salem, Massachusetts on July 4, 1804 to Nathaniel Hathorne and Elizabeth Clarke Manning. Hawthorne’s father was a sea captain and died of yellow fever in 1808 when Nathaniel was only four years old. After the death of his father, his mother, two sisters, and he moved in with his mother’s relatives, the Manning’s, and lived there for ten years. Hawthorne discovered journals that his father had written as a sailor over the years, showing an immediate interest which inspired him to become a writer. In 1821, Hawthorne started college at Bowdoin College with the financial support of his uncle, Robert Manning. He was elected Phi Beta Kappa in 1824, graduated in 1825, and published his first work, a novel called “Fanshawe” in 1828. Shortly after graduating, Hawthorne added the “w” to his last name in order to hide his relation to one of his ancestors, John Hathorne, one of the only judges involved in the Salem witch trials and never repented of his actions.
In 1836, Hawthorne became the editor for the “American Magazine of Useful and Entertaining Knowledge.” During this time, he and the poet Thomas Green Fessenden lived together in Boston. Three years later he was offered an appointment at the...

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...side. Sophia was given the news of her husband’s death from her sister Elizabeth who had been informed by Pierce. In 1868, four years after Hawthorne’s death, Sophia and her three children moved to England. Sophia became ill and was diagnosed with typhoid pneumonia in February 1871. Her daughters cared for her until her death on February 26. Sophia was buried in Kensal Green Cemetery in London on March 4th.
Nathaniel Hawthorne left behind a life of struggle, and all of his successful works that are still being read, studied, and talked about to this day. His perspective of life and the dark image of the world that is portrayed in his novels and short stories continue to be recognized worldwide. He is still one of the most studied authors for his wonderful use of allegory and symbolism, and will always be remembered through the literary work he left behind.
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