This was most likely devised from the historic past of the Roman Empire. Some may say this was a bold and unrealistic base to form a personal ideology however to Mussolini this was an important tool to gather support from all sections of the Italian population especially in the early years of the fascist government. However these seemed like nothing more than a set of loose goals, without taking into consideration the circumstances. This could explain his need to derive immediate power within Italy and influence across Europe. In his first speech as Prime Minister to the Chamber of Deputies M... ... middle of paper ... ...uments on reasoning behind Mussolini’s policies and actions.
These included the building of transport links such as railways, the creation of postal services, and the use of central administration, which helped significantly in creating more unified nations. Therefore, nationalism was the main factor behind the formation of nineteenth century nation states, but this nationalism was encouraged and imposed by governments. Central to the imposition of nationalism from above in the formation of nation states was the emphasis placed upon shared national histories and traditions by governments. National histories defined what the nation was and where it had c... ... middle of paper ... ...nalisation of the masses, and therefore the formation of the Italian nation state. For example, there were monuments to key figures in Italian history throughout the city, such as the statue of Garibaldi, which was purposefully put in the same area as the events involving him took place, on the Gianicolo.
Cultural and economic nationalism had already established itself, and had brought Germany closer to unification through passion for the country and potential economic gain. Therefore, Bismarck?s role in German unification has been overstated. By the time Bismarck had been made minister president in 1862, nationalism in the German states had been around for almost half a century. The French revolution left many Germans disappointed after Napoleon failed to deliver the promises of ?liberty, property, security and resistance to oppression? set out by the Declaration of the Rights of Man.
Bismarck believed in a very militaristic government being the best kind of government. This meant that Germany was very military centered under his control. Bismarck’s militaristic views and government must have worked though, because he did achieve his final goal: to unify Germany. On the other hand, Cavour used other countries’ armies instead of his own to accomplish his goal. He provoked Austria until they attacked Sardinia, and Napoleon III came briefly to the aid of Sardinia.
Italy's Changing Relationship with Germanyin The 1930's By the 1920's, Mussolini realised that a strong resurgent Germany who were seeking revenge for Versailles would threaten Britain and France. This, he hoped, would make them more amenable to Italian demands. Neither country wanted Italy as an enemy; therefore Mussolini would have the ability to play off the countries against each other. This would give Mussolini a great advantage. It seems likely that Mussolini had funded the Nazi's (along with many other right-wing, fascist groups in late 1920's Germany) and therefore should have been happy regarding Hitler's rise to power.
There are other points that are important in assisting change such as the Hitler’s aggressive but opportunistic foreign policy leading to World War 2. This is to a great extent more crucial to change than the German economy. But a final judgement suggests that overall no other theme was as imperative to change between 1890 and 1991 as the economy. Bibliography Secondary Sources J Wheeler-Bennett, ‘Ludendorff: The Soldier and the Politician’, 1938 W Norton, ‘Germany's Aims In the First World War’, 1967 G Loescher, ‘The UNHCR and World Politics: A Perilous Path’, 2001 H J Braun, ‘The German Economy in the Twentieth Century’, 1990
Europe was divided by two alliances: the Triple Alliance, of Germany, Austria-Hungary and Italy and the Triple Entente, consisting of Great Britain, France and Russia. The Triple Entente countries had been established for a long time and Britain and France had many overseas colonies and huge empires. They were quite happy with the situation in Europe and would not have much reason to start a war, although France was keen to regain the industrial Alsace-Lorraine area, lost to Germany in a recent war. However, this does not automatically mean that Germany... ... middle of paper ... ...war without somebody to start it and Germany certainly played a big part in this. Though the immediate cause of the war was the murder of the ruler of Austria-Hungary, it was the long term causes, as elaborated upon throughout the course of this essay, that were the real reasons for the start of the First World War.
Facist Italy by John Whittam In the book “Fascist Italy”, author John Whittam gives an in-depth analysis of the biggest mass movement in Italian history, and the world for that matter. Fascism was a major political movement that has left resounding effects on the history of Italy. Benito Mussolini was one of Italy’s greatest leaders, and was the leader of the first national movement called Fascism. The Fascist movement was quite complex and many components were involved. Fascism was able to capitalize on Italians who saw themselves as nationalists with a strong sense of Italian pride.
To illustrate this point, one needs only to look at two different forms of fascism that arose in Europe in the early Twentieth Century, Italian Fascism and Nazi Germany. The original form of fascism was born in Italy by Benito Mussolini. Mussolini was a physically imposing man who was considered attractive. This pleasing appearance was combined with his charismatic leadership and powerful oration, and he quickly rose in power as a result. In Italian Fascism, there was very clear emphasis on war and the reclamation of the Roman empire.
Amongst these countries were the German states, as well as the Italian states. The spread of French nationalism, and pressing of a new government under the Code arose nationalism within these countries. In May 1789, King Louis XVI summoned the Estate... ... middle of paper ... ... (12, pg 75). A mob in April 1814 attacked the Minister of Finance Guiseppe Prina, representing an increasing resentment against the French government, and an increase in Italian nationalism (12, pg 75). Instead of a French ruling government, the Italian people wanted their own government (12, pg 75).