In 1325, the Aztecs settled on an island that became known as Tenochtitlan. Under rule of Itzcoatl in 1428, a triple alliance was formed with Texcoco and Tlacopan. It was the start of a new empire once the Aztecs turned against and defeated the Azcapotzalco. With the Aztecs being the most powerful, an empire began to form and grow quickly. The Aztec Empire became the most complex, extensive, and powerful empire of the region, stretching from the Gulf of Mexico to the Pacific Ocean.
Under the rule of Itzcoatl, the Aztecs began their expansion. The Aztecs had conquests throughout most of Central America. A high class Aztec was to indirectly keep power, and tributaries were collected. The huge empire resulted in the many territories that had …show more content…
The population of the Empire was very diverse and large, containing millions of people. The Incan people called their state Tawantinsuyu. It consisted of four divisions with the capital, Cuzco, located in middle. The people did not have written language, making the early Spanish as the only source of The Incan Empire. However, according to the Incan people, the Empire did not start its growth until the capital was almost destroyed by the revolting Chanca people in the fifteenth century. The son of the emperor, Inca Yupanqui, was able to stop the revolt. While in power, he had a goal to bring civilization to all of the Andean people. Along with his successors, they made the Incan Empire begin to quickly grow. Alliances, intimidation, and conquest gave the power needed to expand the Empire. Conquered areas were not made to be tributaries for the Incas, but actually became part of the Empire. More than 14,000 miles of road would be used for transport by the Empire, so moving large groups of people was not hard. The newly conquered people were split up and relocated, making the conquered people less of a threat to the empire. The roads contained administrative centers and warehouses that not only allowed the Empire to transport people, but also created storage for goods throughout the Empire. Food and clothing that was stored allowed the army to constantly move while always having supplies. The Incan Empire was …show more content…
For example, religion was an important aspect to life. All the empires had a dominant religion, which was often used to their benefit because it was easy to appeal to all beliefs in order to gain power. Also, the Aztecs and Incans had similar ways of how the culture spread. Markets and trade had an important role in economy for all the Empires. This also made the merchants and traders have access to spread arts and goods from the empires. However, there are still many differences between the empires, and many exist between the Incas and the Aztecs. The Aztecs were very different in how they ran their empire. Instead of leaving a person to rule the new territory, tribunes could be paid. The territory could continue to keep their leader under the Empire as long as the tribunes were met. This is very different than most empires. The Incas would relocate the people and keep them under their civilization. They used much more sophisticated and effective systems than the Aztecs, making them much more similar to Near East and Asian
The Aztecs were a large group of Indian tribes.They were originally migratory and as they migrated they assimilatated other tribes. Through this process they joined together and became rich in civilization. The tribes the comprised the Aztecs were the Toltect whom the Chichimec [Aztecs] conquered in the early 1300's A.D. The Toltect embarked on conquests, which resulted in the Aztecs becoming a dominate civilization of their time.(1) Their migratory pattern stopped on the southwestern border of Lake Texcoco as they discovered an eagle sitting on the stem of a cactus, holding a serpent in his talons with his wings open to the sun. This as an omen from the gods.(4) The Aztecs finally settled in central Mexico, where Mexico City is now located, and began building Tenochtitlan in 1325. Over time the civilization's control spanned from Tenochtitlan east to the Gulf of Mexico and south to Guatemala.(1)
This idea can be seen in document A. In document A Peter N. Steams says that the Aztec’s obtained much of their land by force. The Aztec’s can then use all of this land for farming. It’s easy to see how the Aztecs were able to stay in power for such a long time because of their method of gaining land. The idea of obtaining land and the vast size of their land is then revisited in document B. Document B shows the complexity of the Aztec’s farming system. It involves the method of chinampas. Diego Duran informs the readers that chinampas use rectangular areas of land used to grow crops. This shows how the Aztec’s were able to stay in power because this complex system is able to create up to six crops a year. Using this information people can see that the Aztec’s farming system was one of the main reasons that they were in power for so long. They stayed in power because they were able to sustain enough food to feed everyone. No other person or group of people that could come into power would be able to create a system that could help almost everybody in the land fed. The Aztec’s were agricultural
The Aztec and Mongol empires were large, expansive realms that shared many similarities in their rise to power, but also had some differences. The Aztec and Mongol Empire's rise to power were similar politically in that they both conquered neighboring nations, similar socially in that their social structures both emphasized warriors, but were different economically in that the Aztecs relied on tributes from conquered lands to fund their expansion whereas the Mongols destroyed lands they conquered to prevent challenges to their power.
The Aztec’s and the Inca’s have many similarities such as religious beliefs, and views about gods. Inca’s views about training for war are different, and the Aztec’s artifacts are somewhat different to. The farm land compared to the Inca’s is differs also, because where the Aztec’s lived the land was elevated about ten thousand feet.
...quered territories were not in direct contact with the Aztec empire. The Aztec empire functioned well because it succeeded in centering the power in the capital. Tenochtitlan was their capital. When the Aztecs conquered a city they did not meddle in the city’s local affairs as long as the city paid its tribute to the Aztec empire.
The ancient Aztecs, who most likely originated as a nomadic tribe in northern Mexico, arrived in Mesoamerica at approximately the beginning of the 13th century. For a long time, the nomads wandered the land of Mexica, countlessly resettling into new areas in a constant search for land that was fertile and that they could call their own. Before the founding of their capital city of Tenochtitlan in 1325, the Aztecs had to work for various cities and small empires that were more powerful than them in order to gain military experience and come out as the dominant force in central Mexico. Through developing an intricate social, political, religious and commercial organization, it was by the 15th century that the empire brought many of the region’s city-states under their control.
The Aztecs and Incas were the two dominant new world societies which greeted and eventually succumbed to the Spanish conquistadors in the early 16th century. Since then, they have occupied some of the most curious comers of the western imagination. Purveyors of scholarly and popular culture render them in various disparate ways: as victims of European colonialism, incompetent militarists, heroic forbears, barbarians, or authentic practitioners of native utopias and cults. The Aztecs and Incas were two Pre-Columbian Mesoamerican civilizations that roamed the land of Latin America throughout 14th and 15th century. Aztec empire ruled much of what is now Mexico from 1428 till 1521, when the empire was conquered by Spaniards. Aztecs controlled a region stretching from the Valley of Mexico in central Mexico east to the Gulf of Mexico and south to Guatemala. Aztecs were great engineers and developed a multifarious social political and religious system with Tenochtitlan as their capital city. Inca Empire stretched it boundaries from Colombia to Chile and reached west to east from the Atacama to Amazonian rain forest. Incas lack the concepts of written language however they had an incredible system of roads. Casco as their capital Inca Empire only lasted a century before it was conquered by Spaniards in early 16th century. The two Mesoamerican civilizations burgeoned independently of each other with no cultural or religious swap. Aztecs and Incan societies were predominantly agricultural. Religions of both societies were shamanistic which were heavily influenced by preceding cultures. These complex polytheistic religions regardless of their chronological exclusivity have significant features in common.
Janos Gyarmati’s Paria la Viexa and an expanding empire: Provincial centers in the political economy of the Inka Empire proved that the Inca’s built an empire unlike another. From 1440 to 1532 A.D. the Inca Empire dominated the Americas. Known as “the fastest growing and largest territorial empire”(Gyarmati 37) of its time the Inca Empire left a mark with their complex, perpetual and innovative economic, road, and settlement system. The Inca’s were advanced for their time, however they lacked a system that would guarantee the survival of their kin. In order to strive, for the long-term, the Inca’s created provincial centers that would ensure their growth and economy for the generations to come. Provincial centers served as
As both the Roman Empire and the Inca Empire thrived during their different eras of time, they shared both similarities and differences in their forms of trade and technology. Both empires had a large network of roads, the difference between them was who was allowed to use them. In Rome anyone from nobles and famers could use them. But in the Inca Empire, only conquered people were given right to specific areas and barred from the network of roads. Rome hardly had any inventions theirs were mostly based on Greek inventions, while the Inca invented the Quipu to keep track of taxes and population. All in all they are very much different than alike. both Romans and Incas had roads to travel to far parts of their empires. Rome used the roads to
Montezuma’s rule: Montezuma achieved the title of tlooni (meaning “the speaker”) in 1502 C.E, as he would rule until 1520 C.E. By which he had expanded the empire and was thought of as a god and as a preturpreter of the sun. During Montezuma's rule the Aztec Empire expanded and reached its biggest size. Through warfare, the Aztec Empire stretched from as far south as Xocono, (the part of Mexico that borders Guatemala) and incorporated the Zapotec and Yopi people into the tribe.
Around 1428 Mexica monarch, Itzcoalt formed a triple alliance with the city states of Texcoco and Tlacopan. The triple alliance was made to fight the dominant Tepanecs of the city state of Azcapotzalco. After the combined forces of the triple alliance, The Triple Alliance was able to defeat Azcapotzalco. The year that followed brought the victory over Culhuacan and Huitzilopocho. The now known Aztecs would take over the valley of Xochimilco in 1429, Ixtapalpan in 1430, and Mixquic in 1432. “With this conquest, The Triple Alliance established the practice of leaving the deafeted king in power, but taking lands in the conquered territory and assigning them to dignitaries in Tenochtitlan and allied towns” (Brumfiel and Feinman 2008). Aztecs controlled thirty-eight provinces. Although the Aztec empire is known for being extremely religious, pleasing their gods with human sacrifices, the Aztecs were also very militaristic. Having a very organized command structure was what brought the success, growth, and dominance to the central region of Mexico. Aztecs were feared and respected; they were powerful and brought fear to neighboring regions for sacrificing enemies and even their own people to please their gods.
The Rise and fall of the Aztec Empire is possibly the most important area of study in the modern world. Of all of the nomadic tribes who migrated into Mexico, the Aztecs were one of the last. At first driven away by established tribes, the Aztecs slowly began to develop an empire of immense wealth and power by the late fifteenth century. Due in large part to the accomplishments of their ruler Itzcoatl, the empire expanded to include millions of people from a number of different tribes, including the Cempoala, who would later aid the Spanish in defeating the Aztecs. Because of the "melting pot" within the empire, the Aztecs had a very diverse culture. However, this immense Aztec Empire would soon be brought to its knees by the doings of one man and his army.
The Aztecs came from Azatlan which is the mythical place of origin(Aztecs of Lost Civilization). Huizilopochtli, the god of war, told the Aztecs to leave Azatlan and wander until they saw an eagle perched on a cactus growing out of a rock and eating a snake(Los Aztecas). The Aztecs traveled many years to find the legend and finally found it while at Lake Texcoco. Lake Texcoco was ruled by the Toltecs between the 10th and 11th centuries(Microsoft Encarta Encyclopedia). Since many other tribes also migrated to Lake Texcoco at the same time, the Aztecs were pushed out to the westside of the lake to a swampy area. The only piece of dry land they had was a little island surrounded by marshes. Over a long period of time they built their empire with chinapas. Chinapas were formed by piling up mud from the lake bottom to make little islands(Aztec Empire History). Tenochtitlan (currently Mexico City), which means "Place of the Cactus", became the capital in 1325 and soon there came many islands in which bridges were built to connect the mainland (Los Aztecas). They also dug canals and constructed aqueducts. There were many religious structures, and they built temples and pyramids. By 1502 the Aztec Empire expanded from Guatemala to San Luis Potosi which is in Central and Southern Mexico and extended 800 miles along a northwest-southeast axis. The Aztecs conquered many cities and all became part of the empire which was wedged between high mountains and surrounded by lakes(Aztecs of Lost Civilization/ Azetc Empire History).
According to the legend, the Aztecs, who referred to themselves as the Mexica, spent years wandering through central Mexico in search of a homeland. In AD 1325, the Aztecs founded their new capital Tenochtitlan (Moctezuma, 9). Years later, the Aztecs started to build their renowned empire. The Aztec Empire was made up of the Triple Alliance: Tenochtitlan, Texcoco, and Tlacopan (Moctezuma, 55). Agriculture was the basis of the Aztec’s economy, but conquest and warfare lead to economic expansion and the accumulation of tributes from conquered towns (Moctezuma, 21). War was vital, for it maintained and expanded the economic and religious basis (Moctezuma, 55). The Aztec warriors were the driving force of much of the Aztec empires success because of their training, weaponry, wardress, sacrificing, and combat.