Huitzilopochtli Rituals and Modern Concheros

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Religion, according to Melford E. Spiro author of "Religion: Problems of Definition and Explanation" can be narrowly defined as an institution consisting of culturally postulated superhuman beings.(2) Religion, was a major part of the Aztec culture, which was polytheist. The main god that was worshiped was the sun god, Huitzilopochtli who was also the god of war. In the modern world, there are people that still worship Aztecan gods, through dance, and other rituals. Concheros is a group of people that follow traditions of Aztec worship with a more modern outlook.(3) Concheros is also a dance performed by many Ballet Folklorico groups, that reenacts the worship and rituals relating to Huitzilopochtli.

The Aztecs were a large group of Indian tribes.They were originally migratory and as they migrated they assimilatated other tribes. Through this process they joined together and became rich in civilization. The tribes the comprised the Aztecs were the Toltect whom the Chichimec [Aztecs] conquered in the early 1300's A.D. The Toltect embarked on conquests, which resulted in the Aztecs becoming a dominate civilization of their time.(1) Their migratory pattern stopped on the southwestern border of Lake Texcoco as they discovered an eagle sitting on the stem of a cactus, holding a serpent in his talons with his wings open to the sun. This as an omen from the gods.(4) The Aztecs finally settled in central Mexico, where Mexico City is now located, and began building Tenochtitlan in 1325. Over time the civilization's control spanned from Tenochtitlan east to the Gulf of Mexico and south to Guatemala.(1)

Throughout this time the Aztecs conquered civilizations and occasionally combined the rituals and traditions, which helped ...

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