Many Pueblo Indians were converted under the threat of death, giving the Spanish a false sense of success in their ability to subjugate the native people. Spanish leaders and priests were either oblivious or uncaring to the discontent of the Pueblo, allowing dissention to grow right under their noses. The Pueblo Revolt of 1680, which occurred in present day New Mexico, saw 20 Pueblo villages unite to rise up against the Spanish, who had been colonizing the area, and at the time was the biggest Native American victory over European colonizers. Much of the reason for this rebellion can be traced back to Spain’s misunderstanding of Pueblo life, and their belief in their own superiority, as well as the Pueblo’s desires to hold on to their ancient traditions, and to renounce the Catholic doctrine that had often seen them abused. Understanding either side’s views of the other can help one to understand what lead up to this revolt.
The French and Spanish were heavily influenced by Catholicism. Both colonies had established missions across the New World in hopes of converting Indians to Catholicism. The Spanish colonists were especially determined to establish missions and convert Indians in their territories as a response to the kingdoms of Aragon and Castile seeking to “transform their own pluralistic societies into a purely Christian kingdom (Butler 28). The Spanish were also heavily influenced by religion due to the Crusades in the Old World as well being motivated by “gold, God, and glory” for voyaging into the New World. The role of religion in Spanish society extended out towards how they governed their colonies as the Catholic populations were under control of both the monarchy and the Vatican.
Yes, the droughts and famines had a big effect on the situation, but these catalysts just furthered the animosity the indians had towards the white. If you look at the small uprising that occurred 1640s, 1660s, and the “crack down” in the 1670s, they were all focused on punishment for practices there old religious customs. Anywhere you look in the world, its trials and tribulations are rooted from cultural differences and religious values. To escape religious persecution and taxation from a king was the reason the USA started. Many examples through time will show us that problems will be caused when one culture feels superior in culture, government and the most important, religion.
First, as a way to pay conquistadores for their services to the Spanish crown, an encomienda system was created. The system would assigned land and Indians to each conquistador as a way to organize the indigenous population of the New World in order to achieved greater productivity. The encomenderos were responsible for the Indians clothing, food, instructions of the Spanish language, and their religious conversion into Catholicism. In exchange, the Indians would provide labor and pay taxes to their enconomenderos. Many Spaniard that came to the New World saw and condemned the brutal exploitation of Indians by encomenderos, and their lack of commitment in teaching the Indians under their supervision about Catholic... ... middle of paper ... ...rongest argument is against the legitimacy of wars against the indigenous population and the enslavement of Indians.
Some thought “that indigenous people were subhuman and should be controlled… others assumed that indigenous people were … capable of intelligent thought and reasoning” (Bonvillain 2013). Missionaries claimed they were enlightening the people and used economic and political arguments to convert them. If the natives were to convert they awarded them with favorable trading and provided guns for their use. Missionaries also encouraged Christia... ... middle of paper ... ...is as childish and created a sense of superiority for the Europeans. Other native North Americans thought the opposite and saw the Europeans as childish.
The Pueblo Revolt was brought on by many years of barbarianism and cruelty by the Spanish on the Pueblo Indians. This was a revolution for the natives to fight for their freedom form the tyranny and grasp that the Spanish had on them. Before the Spanish invasion of the Pueblos the Natives were thriving in the land. Some of the things the Spanish had the Natives do ranged from changing their religious beliefs to feeding two different communities as well as others. Also what caused the Pueblo Revolt, who was involved and what was the outcome of the Revolt are among the most important aspects of these great battles.
Spanish colonies were established when conquistadors had gotten a license to finance the expedition from the crown to fixture encomiendas. These encomiendas were basically Indian villages that became a source of labor. The Spanish dreamed of becoming wealthier from South America, but they also wanted a profitable agricultural economy and to spread their Catholic religion (the Pueblo Indians converted to Christianity), which became very important in the 1540s.
Americans’ hunger for land and resource took a toll on Mexico. The turmoil of a new Mexican government, Annexation of Texas, and American scheme to acquire Mexican territory led to Mexico ceding all land north of Rio Grande from Texas west to California. Trouble began long before Mexico gained their independence from Spain. The government in Mexico became destabilized and chaotic when the French arrested the Spanish King and occupied Spain in 1807 (Tindall & Shi, 2010, pg.386). This disordered rule led Miguel hidalgo y Costilla, a creole priest, to organize a revolt to declare Mexican freedom from Spanish rule; however, he was eventually captured and executed in 1811 (Tindall & Shi, 2010, pg.
Colonists and Indians Fight for Mutual Interests on the American Frontier Since the settling of the English colonies in the early 17th century, pioneers have been destined to expand into the North American frontier and to domesticate it with their Christian faith and progressive nature. In their exploration of the frontier, however, the Puritan colonists often encountered Indians whose savagery challenged their discipline and morals. Just as the colonists expanded, Indians also saw their native lands of many years vanish. The situation naturally compelled the Puritans and the Indians to fight each other for their mutual interests. Thus, while most accounts of Western history focus on the heathen threat, both Indians and colonists experienced the harshness of the captivity myth and its evolution into other mythology that defined American history.
The situation worsened when Viceroy Francisco de Toledo fixed an administration that divided the indigenous community into two groups: native born members and outsiders. When Guaman Poma started defending his inherited land, he presented himself as a native Andean and as a Spanish appointee. Since he collaborated with the Spanish colonial regime as a Church assistant, he considered himself as a man with rights, loyal to the Crown. During this time, Fe... ... middle of paper ... ... him and the second is a more direct discrimination of the native Andeans. The manuscript was addressed to the King of Spain, with the intention of seeking reformation of the Spanish colonial domination, to save Andean lives from exploitation and diseases.