The first argument being there could be psychological harms done to the clone. The last and final argument is there could be much harm to society. Many argue that one could lose individuality and uniqueness to a person if one were to clone them. Cloning could harm society by one might lose the establishment of a family or even have no respect for the human body (Melo 248). The first argument that was given was solving infertility.
Six years ago, an event in genetic history changed our perspective on "reproduction" and added to our conscience a new element in the study of biology. On February 23, 1997, the world was introduced to Dolly, a 6-month-old lamb that was cloned from a single cell taken from the tissue of an adult donor. Ever since the birth of this sheep, a question that never before existed now lingers in the mind of many: should human cloning be a part of our society? Recently the ability to clone a human being has become a very realistic possibility. However, the issue of morality has taken center stage on this topic.
Now knowing that we could clone sheep and mice, scientists were up to the possibility and challenge of cloning humans. As soon as it became public knowledge that cloning was really happening and becoming more successful, the USA imposed a ban on federal funding for human-cloning research. Several states have established restrictions, some even banning cloning completely. Cloning is not morally or ethnically right. Morally, scientists would be taking the role of God.
After many successful cloning experiments on increasingly complex animals, scientists have begun thinking about human cloning. This has raised many debates about the ethics and safety of experimentally cloning humans. While some advantages could be gained from human cloning, it should not be performed due to significant medical, societal, and religious concerns. The most successful cloning results were produced using a procedure known as Somatic Cell Nuclear Transfer, or SCNT. SCNT cloning processes are performed by removing the nucleus with genetic material from an unfertilized egg, then replacing it with genetic material from the adult cell being cloned.
Background Paragraph First human cloning ideas introduced into public consciousness in the Future Shock, the book written by Alvin Toffler in 1970. He was quoted as written “One of the more fantastic possibilities is that man will be able to make biological carbon copies of himself…Cloning would make it possible for people to see themselves anew, to fill the world with twins of themselves” (Amy Logston, 1999). On February 24, 1997, the using of somatic cell nuclear transfer (SCNT) in 1996 to produce the first cloned adult mammal, Dolly, the sheep, by the scientist was announced into public (Judith A. Johnson, 2006) had improved what Alvin has written in his book. Today, scientists are still learning and searching the correct ways and method in human cloning process in order to open the public minds to accept it. Dolly was a popular symbol of both the great possibilities of scie... ... middle of paper ... ...l do not approve the human cloning processes.
Human Cloning refers to creating a genetically identical copy of an organism including its DNA. It incorporates with Asexual Reproduction tricking a somatic cell into reproducing into an embryo, which later transforms into a human clone. The ethics of cloning is an extremely controversial issue. Many disagree because of their religious manner and considering it “playing with god” while others debate it is a good idea because it assists woman who are infertile with a blessing of children. However, Human Cloning should be illegal because of its health risks, loss of gene diversity and the divisive issue; playing with God.
As the rapid development of clone, many unawared and serious problem were found, not only in the biological level, but also in moral level. What will happen if a cloned animal has a copulation with a nature one? Their production will pollute and destroy the nature balance. It is confused that why the creature which the cloned and the nature produced will pollute the nature balance, because the cloned animals’ gene are not the same order as the normal’s at some degrees, we are afraid that the cloned will totally change the natural gene order if we don’t isolate them. Scientists found there is a phenomenon when the cloned animals were born, the cloned baby woul... ... middle of paper ... ...s right and acceptable to clone botany, and the history and reality proved it is practicable.
Today, we as a society world wide have a new issue to deal with. Science has discovered the means in which to clone animals, opening a whole new discussion. Many people are inclined to say why would science even wish to peruse this method of research. Lewis Thomas says in his essay "The Hazards of Science" It would seem to me a more unnatural thing and more of an offense against nat... ... middle of paper ... ... effect all humanity, and therefore, need to not think on an individual level. J. Michael Bishop states that "The price of science seems large but to reject science is to deny future."(261).
Second, what are our moral obligations to a clone? Can we use clones to create a race of slaves or as a living warehouse of human parts? Rejuvenation, suggests that it may someday be possible to reverse the aging process because of what we learn from cloning. Human cloning technology could be used to reverse heart attacks. Many scientists believe that they may be able to treat heart attack victims by cloning their healthy heart cells and injecting them into the areas of the heart that have been damaged.
The lack of knowledge regarding cloning aids in people’s skepticism and concern as many people do not understand how cloning works. Dolly the sheep became the first animal to be successfully cloned in 1996 and instantly became a hugely controversial issue. The cloning process was achieved by extracting the DNA from one sheep’s mammary gland, which was then inserted into the egg cell of a second sheep, which had already had its own DNA removed from the egg cell. This egg was then implanted into a third sheep’s uterus to grow and be delivered as a normal baby would be. This resulted in a sheep with identical DNA as the first sheep, which the DNA was extracted from (Phelan).