While the ethics and legality of human cloning are blurry, I think human cloning would be detrimental to the human race. First of all, a lot of unwanted clones can end up happening because the process of cloning seems to be very limited success from what we know now. Screwing up from trying to obtain the nearest perfect clone should not be an option. It would be unfortunate for the women to go through the whole process and have to get rid of it, just because it did not turn out correct. Where will all the mess ups or unsuccessful clones remain at?
The Benefits of Human Cloning This paper was written to show the reader with information on how cloning a human is a good idea. It may be too soon right now to clone a human, but in the near future scientists will be capable of cloning a human successfully. The rapid development of the technology for cloning has led to moral debates around the world on whether or not to ban cloning humans. With the advancement of clone technology two states, California and Michigan, have already banned the cloning of humans. "Everybody who thought it would proceed slowly and could be stopped was wrong," said Lee Silver, a professor from the University of Princeton.
(Fitzgerald 37) Within a few years' time, however, the medical possibilities of human cloning may be attractive enough to change public opinion. Research on human cloning would involve huge risks for the initial clones, because any experiments in human cloning would eventually have to be carried out on human beings. Human cloning is unethical because the risks of this practice greatly outweigh the benefits. The technique that produced Dolly the sheep was successful in only 1 of 277 attempts. If this technique were attempted in humans, it would risk miscarriages in the mother and severe developmental problems in the child.
(Melo 263). When proponents dealing with helping infertility rates going down and helping battle genetic diseases are discussed, the opposing side also argues that cloning human beings could cause psychological harm to the clone, and harms to our society as well. But in the end the arguments tend to cancel each other out, leading to many failures. Works Cited Melo‐Martín, De. "On cloning human beings."
Accordingly, genetic engineering is unethical and therefore should be stopped. One reason why genetic engineering should cease is because genetic engineering disrupts society’s moral values and causes society to act out in destructive ways. An online survey done by Time Magazine in 1997, found that 11% of those who were interviewed believe that if clones are created in the future, the genetically created humans will only be good for “target practice'; (Epstein 2). Another survey by the same magazine was conducted and found that 50% of those who were questioned believe that clones should be treated as lower beings and should not be given the same rights as unaltered humans (Epstein 2). Furthermore, a similar survey, completed by MacLeans Magazine in 1993, reported that 11% of those interviewed confirmed that if technology was able to change defects within their unborn child, they would not hesitate in changing the child’s genes in order for the child to be born “normal'; (Epstein 3).
Cloning would also lessen the worth of an individual and diminish the respect for life. If humans feel they can be replaced, like that of an object, then disposing of a human life would come at no great cost to their conscious. Resulting in perhaps a killing spree that would have no type of harsh punshment. As it stands, it is difficult to lose one loved one, but the thought of losing several would be a disaster. Match has launched a second opposition party called CATCH (Coalition Against The Cloning of Humans).
Being able to buy life reduces its value, because as humans, we do not respect th... ... middle of paper ... ...ily a child is born into is more important than the sexual process by which the child is produced" (Dudley 43). Obviously, one might assume that individuals incapable of not seeing the advanced dangers of cloning shows they are unfit for parenting a child. There are many reasons we should not allow cloning to be made possible. It took scientists many tries before they successfully cloned animals, and the cloning that wasn't successful is something they don't want the world to see. Since human cloning is harder to accomplish than animal cloning, the success rate could be much worse and the failures inconceivable.
Imagine a world where everyone looked like you and was related to you as a sibling, cousin, or any form of relation, wouldn’t that be freaky? Although cloning is not an important issue presently, it could potentially replace sexual reproduction as our method of producing children. Cloning is a dangerous possibility because it could lead to an over-emphasis on the importance of the genotype, no guaranteed live births, and present risks to both the cloned child and surrogate mother. It also violates the biological parent-child relationship and can cause the destruction of the normal structure of a family. The cloning of the deceased is another problem with cloning because it displays the inability of the parents to accept the child’s death and does not ensure a successful procedure.
According to Devolder, “The genetic material is removed from a donor egg so as to create an empty egg. A cell is then removed from the male’s rep... ... middle of paper ... ...that is genetically identical to another person who has previously existed or who still exists. This may conflict with long-standing religious and societal values about human dignity, possibly infringing upon principles of individual freedom, identity and autonomy” ("Cloning Fact Sheet"). The high failure rates of cloning and the abnormalities after successful procedures in human systems have caused most societies to wary away from cloning. To implement this health risks on humans would simply be immoral.
The idea of genetically modifying an embryo poses the immoral view that humans, who are seen as abnormal, are not as important in today’s society. Expanding from Choice Eugenics, the idea of modifying an embryo has become a process that many scientists are trying to normalize. This process of gene therapy, also known as germ-line engineering, is a fairly new topic of discussion that has been criticized by many for a variety of different reasons. The genetic modification of an embryo poses large threat to the fetus and demonstrates harmful affects which can lead to negative health defects in its future. Many of the technologies used in this process of gene modification are dangerous and can cause significant risk to a fetus.